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Church of St Romald

A Grade I Listed Building in Romaldkirk, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.5943 / 54°35'39"N

Longitude: -2.0089 / 2°0'32"W

OS Eastings: 399519

OS Northings: 522126

OS Grid: NY995221

Mapcode National: GBR GHD9.WV

Mapcode Global: WHB45.3SM9

Entry Name: Church of St Romald

Listing Date: 12 January 1967

Last Amended: 17 June 1986

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1121857

English Heritage Legacy ID: 111337

Location: Romaldkirk, County Durham, DL12

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Romaldkirk

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

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Listing Text

NY 9922
(North side, off)
Church of St. Romald
29/164 Inset
12/1/67 (Formerly listed as
Church of St Romald
I the Hermit)

Parish church. Late C12-C16 incorporating Saxon masonry: late C12-early C13
nave; late C13 south aisle and south transept; c.1330 north aisle and north
transept rebuilt; c.1360 chancel and north vesirji C15 tower; C16 north wall
of vestry rebuilt; chancel restored 1890-4; organ chamber added 1929. Dressed
and rubble sandstone; graduated green slate roofs. West tower; aisled nave
with north and south transepts and south porch; chancel with north vestry and
organ chamber. Transitional nave arcades and Perpendicular tower.

3-stage tower has stepped diagonal buttresses; 3-light Perpendicular west window
to 1st stage; scattered slit openings above; 2-light mullioned-and-transomed
bell openings with cinquefoil heads; embattled parapet with worn gargoyles and
later corner pinnacles. 3-bay nave has steeply-pitched roof. 4-bay chancel;
stepped buttresses with crocketed pinnacles divide bays (central and south-east
buttresses have ogee niches); south side has three 2-light windows with
Geometrical-tracery, restored low-side window and priest's doorway; 3-light
window with Reticulated tracery in wider east bay; diagonally-buttressed east
end has 5-light window with odd tracery combining Geometrical and Perpendicular
styles; steeply-pitched roof. South aisle: angle-buttressed returns; Y-tracery
and lancet windows; pointed doorway of 2 chamfered orders with single flanking
colonnettes and a pair of boarded doors with C17 ironwork; low-pitched roof
behind solid parapet. South porch has stone side benches and a low-pitched
roof. South transept is one bay wide and 2 bays deep: angle buttresses; 5-light
south window with odd Geometrical tracery; 2 Y-tracery windows on east return;
low-pitched roof behind solid parapet. North aisle:blocked pointed doorway to
west; restored lancets to east; buttressed bay divisions; 2-light square-headed
window with Reticulated tracery to west return; low-pitched roof. North transept,
similar to south transept, has 3-light pointed north window with 2 tiers of
reticulation and an embattled transom; 3-light square-headed window with
Reticulated tracery to east return; low-pitched roof. 3-bay organ chamber with
one-bay vestry to east. Vestry has 2-light square-headed window, stepped
buttresses and a monopitch roof with overlapping coping stones.

Interior. Nave: arcade columns with moulded bases and octagonal capitals (that
to north-east with flat-leaf, decoration) support semicircular arches of 2
stepped orders under chamfered hoodmoulds; keeled responds; north-west column
with fragmentary painting of St. Mark; evidence of long-and-short work flanking
chancel arch. Chancel: pointed arch of 2 hollow-chamfered orders with fragment
of spiral rood stair and stoup to north; small squint and square window of
vestry at east end of north wall; double piscina with cinquefoil-headed niches
under crocketed ogee arch in south wall; Italian marble floor of 1890. South
transept, formerly a chantry chapel to St. Thomas, has 2 piscinae and an aumbry.
Tower: pointed arch of 2 chamfered orders dying into walls; stone vault
with 8 radiating ribs and a central ring. Roofs may incorporate some original
timber work.

Fittings and monuments: tall grave slab with incised cross inserted into blocked
north door; recumbent straight-legged stone effigy of Hugh Fitz Henry died 1305,
in chain mail and holding shield, on chest tomb in north transept; probably C12
font; at west end of south aisle, has a circular bowl with 3 tiers of horseshoe-
shaped leaf decoration, on a base with 4 attached colonnettes (probably C17
ogival wood font cover); late C15 fragments of Newlyn grave slab with matrix,
built into-chancel north wall; circa 1728 panelled oak pulpit (originally part
of a three-decker) has an octagonal tester and a staircase with turned
balusters and a ramped handrail, tripartite reading desk section now at west
end of north aisle; several good C18 wall monuments: to Joseph Heaton died 1750
and to Georgio Ledgard died 1727 (both on chancel-north wall), 4 monuments to
members of the Maire family in north transept (including one to Thomas Maire
died 1752 and signed by Wm. Palmer).

(The Victoria History of the Counties of England, ed. William Page F.S.A.,
A History of the County of York North Riding, 1925).

Listing NGR: NY9952022129

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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