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Former outbuilding stable and coach house to the White House

A Grade II Listed Building in Appleby-in-Westmorland, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.577 / 54°34'37"N

Longitude: -2.4901 / 2°29'24"W

OS Eastings: 368419

OS Northings: 520309

OS Grid: NY684203

Mapcode National: GBR CH1J.Q1

Mapcode Global: WH92Z.Q7G1

Entry Name: Former outbuilding stable and coach house to the White House

Listing Date: 21 March 1985

Last Amended: 28 June 2019

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1145611

English Heritage Legacy ID: 73630

Location: Appleby-in-Westmorland, Eden, Cumbria, CA16

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

Civil Parish: Appleby-in-Westmorland

Built-Up Area: Appleby-in-Westmorland

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Appleby St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

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Summary


Outbuilding, late C18, converted to a coach house/stable in the late C19; converted to a cottage in the late C20.

Description

Outbuilding, probably a laundry, of late-C18 date, converted to a coach house/stable in the late C19; converted to a cottage in the late C20.

MATERIALS: red-brick with a stone west elevation with quoins; Westmorland slate roofs.

PLAN: rectangular with a polygonal pavilion to the east end.

EXTERIOR: a two-storey range beneath a mono-pitched roof, with a single-storey polygonal pavilion to the east end. The north red-brick elevation has a blocked first floor opening with a flat arch at the east end. There is a wide, segmental cart or carriage entrance with sandstone quoined jambs and an arch of matching stone voussoirs (partly infilled and reduced to a narrow entrance). To the right is a narrow entrance with matching jambs and a flat chamfered lintel, and above a taking-in door serving a former hayloft; further to the right is an ogee-headed window, which contrast with those to The White House but matches the windows of the north and south pavilions of a similar date. The west elevation is of stone construction and has alternating quoins; there is a similar ogee-headed window to the ground and first floors. The rear elevation has a horizontal break-back indicating that it was constructed against part of a pre-existing building. The east end has a battered sandstone ashlar plinth with a deep, moulded plinth course. It consists of a five-sided polygonal bay window with a moulded stone surround with depressed ogee-arched lights, moulded stone mullions and squared impost blocks.

INTERIOR: the pavilion room to the east has a moulded cornice and a fireplace with a mid-C19 classical timber surround. There is a timber surround to the windows with classical pilasters as jambs and mullions and an ornate classical frieze and a reeded moulding below. The central room has a pair of east-west chamfered ceiling beams. The most westerly room and the first floor were not inspected (2019).

History

In the late C18 a detached outbuilding was constructed at the White House, on the south side of the south yard; it is thought to have served as a laundery/general service range. It was built with a polygonal east end, designed as a garden pavilion to match that of the east end of the kitchen/stable range attached to the rear of the White House, on the north side of the yard. Historic mapping shows that the building formerly extended further to the west but was truncated in the late C19. It is considered that most of the present openings to the north wall were inserted at this time and represent a change of use from a domestic outbuilding to a coach house/stable with hayloft over. Subsequent to 1993, the building was converted to a cottage, a pair of ogee-headed windows were inserted to the west elevation, and the coach entrance was partially infilled.

Reasons for Listing

This former outbuilding to the White House of late-C18 date, converted to a coach house/stable in the late C19, and converted to a cottage in the late C20, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Architectural interest:

* a service range to the White House incorporating an attractive, polygonal garden pavilion to the east end, mirroring that of the adjacent rear range of the White House;
* the late-C19 coach house/stable phase of the building remains legible and retains an original (blocked) coach entrance and several other original openings;
* the well-appointed pavilion room retains several historic features including a cornice, and timber classical surrounds to the fireplace and windows, the latter incorporating an ornate classical frieze.

Group value:

* it benefits from a functional, historic and spatial group value with the Grade II*-listed White House and the Grade II-listed garden wall, gateway and summerhouse.

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