History in Structure

The Castle North Range

A Grade I Listed Building in Durham, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.7757 / 54°46'32"N

Longitude: -1.5763 / 1°34'34"W

OS Eastings: 427351

OS Northings: 542386

OS Grid: NZ273423

Mapcode National: GBR KFF6.JV

Mapcode Global: WHC4Q.R7K7

Plus Code: 9C6WQCGF+7F

Entry Name: The Castle North Range

Listing Date: 6 May 1952

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1160921

English Heritage Legacy ID: 110411

ID on this website: 101160921

Location: Durham, County Durham, DH1

County: County Durham

Electoral Ward/Division: Elvet and Gilesgate

Parish: City of Durham

Built-Up Area: Durham

Traditional County: Durham

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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NZ 2742 SW (North side)

14/356 The Castle: north range

Castle chapels, Constable's hall and galleries; now college. Lower chapel
probably c.1072 for William I; c.11OO building for Bishop Flambard; C12
rebuilding for Le Puiset; C15 and C16 additions for Fox and Tunstall, and
C17 for Cosin and Crewe; alterations and interiors by Sanderson Miller for
Bishop Trevor (1753-1771). Coursed squared sandstone with ashlar dressings;
roofs not visible. Tall 7-bay hall has high storey above 2-storey, 5-bay
gent gallery; projecting stair wing at right links to 2-storey, 5-bay chapel.
Gallery has renewed Tudor-arched surround to door in 4th bay; buttresses
define bays, the first 3 each having a door in chamfered Tudor-arched surround,
and 2-light ground-floor and 3-light mullioned-and-transomed first-floor
windows. Ground-floor drip string and first-floor label mould; similar windows
in 5th bay; 5-light window over door. Arms of Bishop Tunstall in third bay.
Battlemented parapet on string. Hall above has Tudor-arched windows with
intersecting glazing bars in hollow reveals under ogee dripmoulds. 6th bay
has large coat of arms. Battlemented parapet on string; high square turret
at right end. Battlemented polygonal stair turret has flat, Tudor-arched door
in left return, and 2-light front windows under clock; floor strings;
battlemented parapet on string. Chapel has irregular fenestration on 3 floors
in first bay with Tudor-headed lights and label moulds; 3 slightly-stepped
lights under elliptical dripmoulds in other bays; buttress between second
and third. Battlemented parapet on string. Rainwater head dated 1661 at
left on pipe with lion masks on lugged fixings. 1699 on that at right, with
mitre, crown and lions on fixings.

Interior: much early fabric, notably C11 chapel at north-east with 2 arcades
of 4 bays; round piers, with historiated capitals support groined vaults;
herringbone paving probably original. C12 hall entrance, of 3 richly-moulded
orders; south wall of hall shows upper-level chevron-moulded arcade with
alternately-blind arches on paired shafts. West wall reverts to stepped groups.
North-west corner turret has c.1350 keeled vault with closely-set wide ribs.
Passage from hall door has chevron string; behind and to the right are the
Octagon room and the Senate room, with panelling; Jacobean chimney piece
re-sited from Old Exchequer building, Palace Green. Inserted in west end of
hall are the Bishop's Rooms; these have mid-C18 decoration with richly-carved
flower and ribbon decoration on corniced chimney-pieces, and rococo plaster
on beamed ceilings. Early C16 chapel off east newel stair, extended in C17
and C18, with C17 woodwork of high quality: west screen, panelled ceiling,
stalls from Auckland Palace with misericords and poppyheads. East window
1909 by Kempe. Behind west end of gallery a rich C17 single flight of stairs
leads to the Senior Common Room, decorated in 1751 by Sanderson Miller in
Gothic revival style, as Bishop's dining room.

Sources: V.C.H, 1928, reprint 1968; III, 64-91; Pevsner, revised Williamson
Buildings of England: Durham. 1983, 212-218.

Listing NGR: NZ2735142386

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