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Latitude: 52.0919 / 52°5'30"N
Longitude: 0.0037 / 0°0'13"E
OS Eastings: 537363
OS Northings: 245625
OS Grid: TL373456
Mapcode National: GBR K75.V1H
Mapcode Global: VHHKM.0PS5
Plus Code: 9F4232R3+QF
Entry Name: Chiswick House
Listing Date: 18 October 1985
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1164333
English Heritage Legacy ID: 52265
Location: Meldreth, South Cambridgeshire, Cambridgeshire, SG8
Civil Parish: Meldreth
Built-Up Area: Meldreth
Traditional County: Cambridgeshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire
Church of England Parish: Melbourn
Church of England Diocese: Ely
This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 15/09/2020
CHISWICK END (South side)
No.5 (Chiswick House)
House. Mid C16 and early C17 crosswing. Timber frame, part exposed, with rendered infill and tiled roofs, hipped to crosswing. Large square early C17 red brick ridge stack replacing one of the mid C16. End stack added to parlour in C17. Original plan of three bays including narrower cross-passage bay between hall and parlour. In early C17 the crosswing was added and a lobby entry created. Two storeys.
Mid C16 house jettied at first floor to front wall. Jetty beam carried on joists with brackets to the principals. Exposed framing on ground floor with some repaired studwork. Close set studding with curved downward wall bracing halved over rear of studs. At first floor the sham framing and roughcast render is of 1898. Three C19-C20 casements. At ground floor three late C20 casements and a gabled porch, also late C20, to the lobby entry. Reset late C17 two panelled door. The doorway to the cross-passage is now blocked The early C17 cross-wing is also timber framed, rendered. Tiled, hipped roof. Two storeys with jettied first floor to the front. One late C19 casement at first floor and one late C20 casement to ground floor. Internal evidence suggests that the house may have extended further.
Inside: the hall has early C17 inglenook hearth, repaired. The original mid C16 hearth was removed and a new one inserted with an abutting inglenook to the cross-wing (now the kitchen). The inglenook is of dressed stone blocks to the base and soft red brick. There is a doorway in a four centred arch at the side Of the hearth. Probably mid C16. The centre room is partly lined with early C17 square sunk panelling. Some of the panelling has been reset. The end room towards the road, probably the parlour, has a fireplace of C17. Red brick. Above the hearth and directly on the brickwork is painted the Royal Coat of Arms of the Stuarts on an orange-red ground. There are fragments of C18 wall painting remaining on three studs and a brace in the front wall in this room. The painting was originally over the plaster and structural oak timbers. There is an indecipherable text within a red and black border, with the letters written in black and in Roman lettering. Below is a Tudor rose and a thistle and a dying tulip is painted on the brace. At first floor the rooms generally retain the original partition walls. A tie beam in the original gable end has been cut probably when the later stack was built replacing the original stack. The roof is of clasped side purlin construction. The cross wing has ovolo moulding to two ceiling beams at ground floor. Short lengths of timbers have been scarfed into the ends of these. This suggests that the house possibly continued to the side of the crosswing. The celling of the crosswing has joists laid on edge. The inglenook in the kitchen, although now blocked, is of the same date and materials as that of the middle room. At first floor there is an early C17 hearth of dressed clunch blocks with ovolo moulding and jewelled stops. The hearth contains a C19 cast iron fireplace with safety doors.
Listing NGR: TL3736345625
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