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Walners Farmhouse

A Grade II Listed Building in Parracombe, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2025 / 51°12'9"N

Longitude: -3.947 / 3°56'49"W

OS Eastings: 264069

OS Northings: 146616

OS Grid: SS640466

Mapcode National: GBR KW.4HX3

Mapcode Global: VH4MF.J1QG

Plus Code: 9C3R6333+25

Entry Name: Walners Farmhouse

Listing Date: 9 April 1987

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1169218

English Heritage Legacy ID: 97095

Location: Parracombe, North Devon, Devon, EX31

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Parracombe

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Parracombe Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Find accommodation in
Trentishoe

Description

SS 64 NW
2/117

PARRACOMBE
Walners Farmhouse
II
Farmhouse. Probably early C16 remodelled and extended at upper end in late
C17/early C18 and lower end altered in late C18/early C19 with C20 alterations.
Rendered stone rubble and cob. C20 clay tiled roof, hipped at left end but thatch
roof entirely intact underneath. 2 axial stacks, one to hall backing onto through-
passage with tapered cap and drip, one inserted in lower end rendered. Tall rear
lateral stack to rear upper end and at right gable end, both stone rubble with
tapered caps.
Plan: complex plan, obscured by later alterations. The overall length of the house
is unusual for the area. It consists of two rooms at the lower end to left of
former through-passage, the rear doorway of which was infilled in C20. To the right
is the hall inserted by stack backing onto passage. A front passage leads from the
hall to the range at the right end, with a room to the rear of the passage which has
external rear access only. The staircase is sited between this room and the right-
hand range which consist of a large room heated by the rear lateral stack with a
narrow room beyond which may have been heated by the stack at the right gable end,
but evidence only survives of a first floor fireplace.
Development: the C16 range appears to have consisted of an open-hall, through-
passage and the lower end which, to judge by the length may well have been a byre or
shippon. The hall has no early features surviving, only roughly chamfered cross
joists and timber fireplace lintel to the inserted stack with a thin chamfer and
small scooped out stops. This would suggest a late date, possibly even early C18,
for the insertion of the floor and stack. The smoke-blackening extends evenly from
the hall stack to the upper end of the small room and front passage to the right of
the hall, where the base of a solid stone wall indicates the former gable end of
this range. The small room also has no surviving features except for a chamfered
axial beam, both ends of which have been sawn off, its lower end projecting as a
stub into the hall. The partitions between it and the hall and the front passage
are of rough timber uprights with planks nailed to them, suggesting that this room
has been enclosed out of the original larger hall. This would have been of a
considerable length, and it is possible that originally a low-screen partition may
have been created a small inner room at the lower upper of the hall of roughly the
same dimensions as the surviving room. The external front wall at the right end of
the front passage indicates that a section has been rebuilt of a width of a former
stair projection which would have been demolished, when the stairs were resited
running up the side of the original right gable-end wall. Probably at the same time
as the ceiling over the hall, a large parlour was added at the upper end, heated by
the lateral rear stack with a narrow room beyond it and probably created out of it,
the gable end stack heating only the chamber over it. The parlour range has a
slightly higher roof level. In the late C18 or C19, an axial stack was inserted in
the lower end creating two rooms with an additional staircase in the left hand rear
corner of the lower room. The roof structure over this end below the hall stack was
also replaced at this time. In C20 a single storey flat roofed extension was added
to rear of lower end which blocked the rear through-passage doorway, and 2 lean-
to's, one to front of hall and one to rear of parlour range demolished.
2 storeys. 4 window range. Irregular C20 fenestration throughout. C20 stone
rubble porch to through-passage doorway.
Interior: rough chamfered cross ceiling joists to hall and axial joists to lower end
room off through-passage. Chamfered beam to 'inner' room with ends sawn off.
Cambered timber lintel to inserted stack in lower end and chamfered timber lintel to
hall stack with scooped out stops. 2 cross ceiling beams in parlour with run-out
stop chamfers. Parlour fireplace rebuilt in C20. Two 2-panelled doors survive to
upper floor.
Roof structure over hall intact with raised cruck truss, the principals bedded well
into the wall almost to first floor level, with morticed and cranked collar,
diagonally set ridge and two tiers of trenched purlins. Truss, purlins, rafters and
underside of thatch thoroughly smoke-blackened. Truss over 'inner' room replaced.
No access to roofspace over parlour range but single truss has straight principals
and trenched purlins. No sign of smoke-blackening. 3 late C18/early C19 trusses
over lower end with straight principals, purlins, resting on backs and waney
rafters, all entirely clean.
Despite alterations and C20 fenestration, this is an important survival in this
northern part of North Devon where few late medieval open hall houses are to be
found.


Listing NGR: SS6406946616

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