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Brick House Farmhouse

A Grade II Listed Building in Brentwood, Essex

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Latitude: 51.6451 / 51°38'42"N

Longitude: 0.3078 / 0°18'28"E

OS Eastings: 559775

OS Northings: 196556

OS Grid: TQ597965

Mapcode National: GBR XL.Y15

Mapcode Global: VHHMX.9X37

Entry Name: Brick House Farmhouse

Listing Date: 20 August 1970

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197207

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373432

Location: Brentwood, Essex, CM15

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Town: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: Brizes and Doddinghurst

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Shenfield St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text


723-1/5/249 (West side)
20/08/70 Brick House Farmhouse


House. c1623. Red brick, irregular bond, peg-tiled roof.
Rectangular plan with internal stack off centre to E. Front
door in porch in front and stair tower to rear of stack. Rear
wing at NW end.
EXTERIOR: 2 storey and attic. S front elevation, 3 bay, 3
window range with facade gables to each bay. At junction of
bays 2 and 3 from NW tall stack with 6 diagonally set shafts
on base with ovolo moulded cornice. 2-storey porch with gabled
roof and semicircular headed doorway with brick torus moulded
imposts, door C20 boarded with C17 style ironwork and central
grille. House elevation has a brick string course between
ground and first floor, continuous round porch. Single window
on ground, first floor and attic levels in each bay, all C20
but of C17 style with oak mullions and intermediate minor iron
bars. Windows copied from surviving C17 example at E end.
Ground and first-floor windows of 4 lights, attic ones of 3
lights. Porch has 3-light window on first floor and a single
light window on each side at ground floor. Rear, N elevation,
stair tower rises to attic, brick with weatherboarded
timber-framing at attic level and simple gabled roof,
peg-tiled abutting base of stack shafts. In tower, one blocked
2nd-floor side window and one C20 restored lower mullioned
rear window - string course lifts over window. C20 2-light
casement window on ground E side in original aperture.
Projecting wing at W end rendered with first floor doorway on
E side contains C18 stack with tumbled brick shoulders set
against rear wall of principal house block. C18 or C19 lean-to
additions between stair tower and W wing, having peg-tiled and
slated roof. C20 brick addition to rear of W wing, pebble dash
rendered with 2-light casement windows and French windows. C20
lean-to at E end of house, peg-tiled, one plain door and one
boarded with upper glazed light. W end elevation, gable end of
house with wing and extension to N. End gable glazing as on S
front with single C20 windows in C17 style on 2 floors and
attic. Ground and first floor, 4-lights, attic, 3-lights.
Fully glazed conservatory across ground floor. Extension has
C20 red brick walling with one C20 3-light casement window,
having small leaded rectangular panes, also C20 brick and
timber gabled porch with peg and flat tiles, side glazing,
each with 4-lights. C20 plain door. C20 extension to N pebble
dash rendered and pantiled, one 2-light and 2 single light
casement windows, 2 boarded doors and one boarded stable type
door. E end elevation, original house gable end with original
ground floor 4-light mullioned window, mullions of lozenge
section with flattened outer and inner arrises and glazing
rebates, minor iron intermediate mullions. First-floor window
C20, 4 lights and attic window C20 3 lights, both in early C17
style. String course continuous across face from front
INTERIOR: classic 3-celled lobby entrance form. Principal
joists have lamb's tongue stopped chamfers on ground and first
floors. Similar treatment in W rear wing. Also 8 original door
frames with lamb's tongue chamfer stops that show expected
circulation round the house and stair tower. Central
fireplaces on ground floor, C20 rebuilt, on first floor
blocked, in attic not known within living memory. Stair tower
has original newel post and interior upper framing is exposed.
Attic roof of butted side purlin and butted rafter type with
collars. Stout constructed side purlins of end frames joggled
up. The rear wing has 2 bays with central partition and a wind
braced side purlin roof. The ground-floor fireplace is rebuilt
but has a bread oven. The wing is probably contemporary with
house and was possibly a kitchen at the low end, originally
timber-framed but now brick walled. The soffit of the arch of
the porch has 2 bricks with inscriptions baked into the clay,
one is a W, possibly an M for Mary to protect the house from
evil and the other is the date 1623. The brick bond is a
curious combination of English and Flemish type, an
experimental construction characteristic of the date.

Listing NGR: TQ5977596556

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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