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Lincolns Cottage

A Grade II Listed Building in South Weald, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6353 / 51°38'7"N

Longitude: 0.2564 / 0°15'23"E

OS Eastings: 556252

OS Northings: 195352

OS Grid: TQ562953

Mapcode National: GBR VY.PB0

Mapcode Global: VHHN2.D5F7

Plus Code: 9F32J7P4+4H

Entry Name: Lincolns Cottage

Listing Date: 20 February 1976

Last Amended: 9 December 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197229

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373491

Location: South Weald, Brentwood, Essex, CM14

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: South Weald

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Bentley Common St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

Tagged with: Cottage

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Description



BRENTWOOD

TQ59NE LINCOLNS LANE, Pilgrims Hatch
723-1/5/253 (East side)
20/02/76 Lincolns Cottage
(Formerly Listed as:
LINCOLNS LANE, South Weald
Lincolns Cottage)

II

House. Early C16, mid-C16, c1600, C20. Timber-framed, first
floor rendered but principal ground floor studding exposed
with additional imitation studding, peg-tiled roof.
Rectangular plan with stack off centre to NW.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys and attic. Front elevation, long
continuous range, C20 lean-to brick and timber-framed porch at
N end with roof as catslide fron principal roof, C20 boarded
door. All windows are C20 casements with glazing bars. Ground
floor, N-S, porch window 2-light, 4x2 panes, pair of 3-light
windows each 6x3 panes and two 2-light , 4x3 panes,
alternating. Either side of stack position are 2 studs with
shoring notches. S end, 2-leaved boarded garage door. First
floor, three 2-light windows, 4x3 panes and one 3-light 6x3
panes. Rear E elevation, rendered all over, windows irregular
but in style of front. Ground floor, one 2-light window 4x3
panes, one 3-light, 6x3 panes and one fully glazed door, 3x5
panes. French window , each leaf 3x5 panes. First floor, two
3-light windows 6x3 panes, two 2-light windows 4x3 and 4x2
panes, two single lights, 3x2 and 2x2 panes. S gable end
elevation, ground floor, mixed studding (original and
imitation), first floor one 2-light window as front elevation,
4x3 panes. N gable end, ground floor, one 2-light window 4x2
panes, first floor single light 2x2 panes, attic, one single
light 2x2 panes.
INTERIOR: although the walls are considerably restored and the
studding concealed there is evidence of a medieval hall house
in the principal posts and transverse menbers which are
considerably decorated and of singular design. Service bay (to
N) has internal arched bracing. Cross entry undershot beneath
upper service chamber with richly moulded head-beam to hall
with cyma, roll and hollow mouldings. Hall principal truss has
tie-beam similarly decorated with roll mouldings. Roof trusses
of queen post, clasped side purlin type. Over 3 bayed hall,
principal tie-beam with evidence of deep board-like arched
braces between queen posts and collar, creating a Gothic arch
with many pegs, collars thinned in centres away from joints to
vertical board-like sections. Side purlins throughout roof
have shallow inner chamfer, rafters pegged through. Roof over
hall sooted. High end (to S) storeyed, 2 long bays, central
truss, open arched braces on first floor, 2 queen posts above
with inward curve to collar (simpler version of hall
treatment) roll moulded binding joist off centre half a bay
towards hall, probably denotes passage way direct to high end
rooms from outside. At rear of stack, inserted into hall upper
2 bays, is a solid partition frame with cambered tie-beam and
lower cross-beam with principal truss above, purpose not clear
but most probably the back framing of a timber chimney or
hood, set within the 2-bayed high end of the hall. Brick stack
inserted c1600, abutting this partition towards hall low end.
Inserted floor contemporary, having deep section joists with
diminished haunched tenons. Binding joist and common joists
with chamfers finished off by very long lamb's tongue stops.
At service end in NW corner, stair well, constructed at same
time with octagonal sectioned newel post, together with a
second exterior door alongside the cross-passage door at the
foot of the stair. This unusual house must date to the earlier
C16 as indicated by decoration and sooting prior to the
insertion of the brick stack. Queen post roofs in Essex are
normally a hundred years later, at least but here they must be
contemporary. The posts with wide board-like bracing have a
Western flavour. The cross entry set beneath an internally
jettied upper chamber is not a normal Essex feature. The
confinement of hearth smoke within a timber hood probably
dates to the later C16 with the brick stack and floors
following fairly soon after.


Listing NGR: TQ5625295352

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