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Latitude: 52.0004 / 52°0'1"N
Longitude: -0.9925 / 0°59'32"W
OS Eastings: 469264
OS Northings: 234032
OS Grid: SP692340
Mapcode National: GBR 9XQ.FXB
Mapcode Global: VHDT2.RZ5C
Plus Code: 9C4X2225+52
Entry Name: Avenue House and Barracks House, Attached Walls, Gates, Gate Piers and Outbuildings
Listing Date: 3 April 1973
Last Amended: 21 November 1994
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1205601
English Heritage Legacy ID: 377279
Location: Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, MK18
Civil Parish: Buckingham
Built-Up Area: Buckingham
Traditional County: Buckinghamshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire
Church of England Parish: Buckingham
Church of England Diocese: Oxford
SP6934 WEST STREET
879-1/5/185 (North side)
Avenue House & Barracks House,
attached walls, gates, gate piers &
(Formerly Listed as:
The Barracks House and Avenue House)
Former barracks now pair of houses. Built 1802 for Marquis of
Buckingham, altered C20. Coursed squared limestone, 2-span and
lean-to Welsh slate roofs, brick end and ridge stacks.
2-storey, 3-window range. Elevation facing West Street has
symmetrical composition of 3-bay centre flanked by 1 storey
and attic wings under long, lean-to roofs. Central block has
9-pane sash windows to ground and 1st floors with flat-arched
heads. Wings have similar windows to ground floor innermost
and narrower, 6-pane sashes outermost, and a sash window to
attic storeys with round-arched head. Wings have further,
recessed bay under the same roof either end and flat-topped
roof dormer windows. Tall plinth, storey band to central block
only, which breaks forward slightly and has hollow-chamfered
wood eaves to wings.
Elevation facing yard to rear has wide central panelled door
with square glazed top lights, moulded wood surround,
flat-arched head and straight hood on curved brackets.
Panelled door to right of centre and to far left and right,
and C20 double-leaf plank doors to left of centre giving
access to store. Fenestration similar to street elevation.
High attached walls enclose long narrow yard to rear of
dwellings and join house to single-storey outbuilding running
full length of residential range. Walls are of coursed
limestone rubble, stone-coped, and are interrupted by red
brick gatepiers with stepped stone caps at either end of yard;
tall double-leaf timber gates with wickets.
Outbuilding, formerly partly stabling is timber-framed with
red brick panels in stretcher bond and lean-to slate roof.
Sides and rear walls continue those enclosing yard and rise
above outbuilding and have stone coping. 9-bay roof to
outbuilding with tie beam trusses. Houses either end of
residential block have spinal staircases rising in long
straight flights between walls from round arch-headed opening
and are lit by the roof dormers.
The barracks, built at sole expense of 1st Marquis of
Buckingham, housed the Royal Bucks Militia, and later, Royal
Bucks Hussars. Main residence housed the Adjutant. Store
formerly housed a 'Gatling' gun.
(Harrison JT: Historical Buckingham: London and Buckingham:
Listing NGR: SP6926434032
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