History in Structure

10, Downing Street SW1

A Grade I Listed Building in City of Westminster, London

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Latitude: 51.5034 / 51°30'12"N

Longitude: -0.1275 / 0°7'39"W

OS Eastings: 530059

OS Northings: 179937

OS Grid: TQ300799

Mapcode National: GBR HH.J7

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.QGYV

Plus Code: 9C3XGV3C+9X

Entry Name: 10, Downing Street SW1

Listing Date: 14 January 1970

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1210759

English Heritage Legacy ID: 209516

Also known as: Number 10
No 10 Downing Street
Number 10 Downing Street
#10 Downing Street
No. 10 Downing Street

ID on this website: 101210759

Location: Westminster, London, SW1A

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: St James's

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Martin-in-the-Fields

Church of England Diocese: London

Tagged with: Terrace house Seat of government Neoclassical architecture Georgian architecture

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No. 10

Large terraced town house. 1682 origin, built as 2 houses in
Sir George Downing's development of the street; remodelled as one
property, incorporating a large house of c.1677 to the north facing
Horseguards Parade, 1723-35 by the Office of Works (Kent, Isaac Ware and
Flitcroft all probably involved); the street front refaced (with No. 11
q.v.) c.1766-75 by Kenton Couse; major reconstruction/restoration 1960-64
by Raymond Erith. Darkened brick street front with sparse stone
dressings, slate roof. 3 storeys, basement and dormered mansard. 5
window wide astylar front. Doorway in 2nd bay from right, recessed
panelled door and fanlight in stone architrave with shaped consoles to
moulded cornice; similar disused doorway to left. Recessed glazing bar
sashes under flat gauged arches. Stone plat band below 1st floor sill
band; main stone cornice below parapet with coping. Cast iron area
railings with overthrow lampholder. The rear north premises of C.17
origin remodelled c.1723-35, are of red brick with hipped tiled roof. 2
storeys on basement and dormered attic. 7-window wide symmetrical north
front with 3-window centre break, 5-window west return. Recessed glazing
bar sashes under flat gauged arches. Although the interior has been
replanned (in conjunction with Nos. 11 and 12) and carefully
reconstructed, the principal rooms and the north staircase remain; top lit
stone stairs with substantial S pattern iron balustrade; 2 storey vaulted
kitchen of c.1723-35; Dining Room (and breakfast room) by Soane 1825-26
with typically individual shallow vault design and panelling; Drawing
Room with 2-column screen decorated in the Kent manner; Cabinet Room with
a screen of 2 richly carved Corinthian columns; fine collection of
statuary marble chimneypieces; etc. No. 10 has been the official
residence of the Prime Minister as first Lord of the Treasury since 1735.

Survey of London; Vol. XIV.
History of the King's Works; Vol. VI.

Listing NGR: TQ3004679951

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