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103, New Bond Street W1

A Grade II Listed Building in City of Westminster, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5136 / 51°30'48"N

Longitude: -0.1463 / 0°8'46"W

OS Eastings: 528728

OS Northings: 181038

OS Grid: TQ287810

Mapcode National: GBR CC.BL

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.F700

Entry Name: 103, New Bond Street W1

Listing Date: 5 February 1970

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1224396

English Heritage Legacy ID: 420454

Location: Westminster, London, W1S

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: West End

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St George, Hanover Square

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

1900/56/111 NEW BOND STREET W1
05-FEB-1970 (West side)
103

II

House, mid-C18, now shop with offices above, and Victorian extension to the rear. Home of Horatio, Viscount Nelson, in 1798.

EXTERIOR: Three window bays and four storeys. The brick façade has been stuccoed and all the original sash windows replaced. The ground floor has fluted Ionic half-columns, supporting an entablature which serves as a fascia to the C20 shop front. The upper storeys have moulded string courses and two raised panels between the floors, one of which bears the painted words 'Nelson House', the other of which contains a blue plaque. The first-floor windows have lugged surrounds but the others are simply recessed. The façade is the narrowest part of the building, which is trapezium-shaped and widens to the rear. The rear elevation, on the east side of Haunch of Venison Yard, appears to be mid-C19 and has metal lintels creating large openings, presumably former loading bays, on the ground and first floors; the fenestration has been altered since. The upper floor windows are smaller and have stone lintels and sills. This elevation is of lesser interest. No. 7 Haunch of Venison Yard was part of 103 Bond Street from the 1950s until recently but is now a distinct property accessed via 101 New Bond Street, a narrow commercial building of 1906 by A M Ridge. Neither of these buildings is included in the listing of 103 New Bond Street.

INTERIOR: Much-altered, but fragments of C18 fabric survive alongside Victirian features. The stair is C18 in its upper flights and Victorian lower down. There are also some original architraves and fragments of cornice, some, again, Victorian. A large Venetian-arched opening leads to a corridor which connects the former house at 103 New Bond Street to its mid-C19 extension, which overlooks Haunch of Venison Yard. The Victorian extension comprises three floors of open- plan space with timber floors connected by a grand terrazzo staircase with decorative iron balustrade. The top floor is lit by a large rectangular lantern.

HISTORY: This area of Mayfair was developed in the first half of the C18 and New Bond Street and Haunch of Venison Yard appear on John Rocque's 'Map of London, Westminster and Southwark' of 1746. Development at 103 New Bond Street appears to always have extended back into Haunch of Venison Yard, and the Ordnance Survey map of 1875 shows that No. 103 was linked to the building on the eastern side of Haunch of Venison Yard by a narrow corridor.

Horatio, Viscount Nelson (1758-1805) lived at 103 New Bond Street in 1798, taking up residence in early February and departing on 16 March after receiving orders to proceed to Portsmouth, from where he sailed to rejoin the British fleet near Cadiz. The building is the only one of Nelson's residences to remain recognisable as an C18 house. His occupancy is commemorated in a blue plaque on the building, erected by the London County Council in 1958.

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION DECISION: 103 New Bond Street is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* special historic interest as the best-surviving home of one of the most significant figures in British history: Horatio, Viscount Nelson
* its proportions, rough plan-form above ground floor inside, pilasters to the shop, and stuccoed façade all contribute to its special character as one of the few houses on New Bond Street dating to early phases in the development of this important street;
* there is sufficient historic fabric for the building to be readable as a Georgian townhouse and to convey a sense of its appearance in Nelson's time.

Listing NGR: TQ2872481037

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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