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Latitude: 53.882 / 53°52'55"N
Longitude: -1.7348 / 1°44'5"W
OS Eastings: 417529
OS Northings: 442901
OS Grid: SE175429
Mapcode National: GBR JRBK.64
Mapcode Global: WHC8X.BP4B
Entry Name: High Royds Hospital
Listing Date: 3 August 1989
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1240191
English Heritage Legacy ID: 438297
Location: Leeds, LS29
Electoral Ward/Division: Guiseley and Rawdon
Traditional County: Yorkshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire
Church of England Parish: Menston St John the Divine
Church of England Diocese: Leeds
The following building shall be added
AIREBOROUGH BRADFORD ROAD
SE 14 SE
High Royds Hospital
County lunatic asylum, now mental hospital. 1884 - 88 with C20 alterations.
By Vickers Edwards, Contractors Whitaker Bros. (Horsforth), for The West
Riding County Asylum Board. Rock-faced stone with ashlar dressings;
Westmorland slate roofs. 2 and 3 storeys with single-storey linking corridors.
Echelon plan, having long corridors projecting at an obtruse angle to either
side of the central administration block upon which wards range outwards. The
central administration block is fronted by the entrance range; behind this is
the former ballroom; and beyond that the service blocks (workshops, kitchens,
storerooms, laundry and fire station). The wards (3 on each side) face the
front and are progressively stepped outwards (so they all receive maximum
light). The different blocks have:- offset plinths, grions bands; projecting
bays under hipped or gabled roofs; broad shouldered and corniced cross-ridge
and lateral stacks; tall pyramidal-roofed towers (formerly water towers) with
3-light pointed-arched windows, the lights with cuped heads, under hoodmoulds,
carved and iron finials to roofs, some of the towers with louvred stages
breaking the roof slope. Windows are tall; paired, triple sashes, or the
small-paned upper sash, but many are now sashes or C20 pivoting casements.
The single-storey corridors are stepped to accommodate changes in ground
level. C20 infill building and additions are not of special interest.
Entrance range: symmetrical; 3 storeys, 7 bays with 2-storey, 2-bay side-wings
set back. Windows mostly paired and transomed on ground floor. Centre block
has alternate bays gabled. Central bay is flanked by offset, gabled butress,
and has panelled double door up steps with flanking windows all under stepped
hoodmould; three first floor windows, 4 to 2nd floor, and stepped 3-light
window to gable which has shaped kneelers and roll-moulded coping. Bays 1 and
2 has canted, parapeted, ground-floor bay windows. The gables of bays 2 and 6
treated as central gable, but each rises above projecting, corbelled, 2nd
floor and has panelled band below occlus. Roof hipped with decorative iron
finials has central tower (former water tower) which has 2 transomed windows
to'lower stage; clock in painted arched recess of several orders to upper
stage; and machigolated, embattled parapet (formerly surmounted by
timer-framed, gabled water tank). Side-wings each have projecting outer bay
under decorative timber-framed gable, the left wing with panelled door on
Ballroom taller, with round-arched, wooden, mullioned and transomed windows at
high level; stepped raised verge with corniced stacks; two louvred ridge
cupolas with ogee metal roofs. Similar ridge louvres to other ranges.
Workshops have Segmental-arched windows. The former fire station has 3 tall
archways on one side. The front right-hand hard block has verandah; the
equivalent left-hand ward altered by two additions (not of special interest).
Interior: good quality contemporary decor survives. Administration block:
panelled board room with egg and dart dentilled cornice compartmented ceiling.
Stone Tudor-arched fireplace, coloured glass windows with painted bird
roundels; decorative cornices and compartmental ceilings to meeting room and
reception area; -panelled doors in decorative architraves; good mouleded stair
with newal and pendants up to lst-floor offices. Main corridor has decorative
terrazzo floor with floral motifs and borders; Burmantoft tiles to walls and
to eliptical arches with decorative-tiles piers and surrounds; elaborate
cornice and cored ceiling with decorative plasterwork windowed sectioning
corridor which has coloured glass windows in glazed-tiled architraves.
Secondary corridors have terrazzo floors, tiled walls (some painted over) and
collared rafter roof trusses (much of roof now underdrawn). Less important
corridors have brick walling with decorative tile bands at dado level. All
have archways to form (lockable) doorways. Ballroom (now coffee bar),
decorating wall frieze, and shell to one wall; moulded window architraves with
imposts; cored panelled ceiling with elaborate moulded and dentilled cornice.
Storeroom: metal columns supporting longitudinal girder; decorative openwork
braces to cross-beams; walls boarded and lines with storage shelves.
High Royds Hospital was one of the four West Riding County Asylums of the
period. It is important in the pioneering use of the echelon plan, for it was
only the second lunatic asylum in England be built to this design. The use of
the echelon plan meant that all wards could have south-facing views and that
the different types of patients would be entirely separated. At High Royds
one side of the hospital catered for men, the other for women (and they had
separate kitchens); wards for the sick and infirm were in the centre for ease
of nursing, epileptics were to the sides where'they could be at least
disruptive, and incurable patients were at the rear. The hospital was
completely isolated when it was built, and it functions as a virtually
"Asylums and asylum planning.2, Journal of the Royal Institute of'British
Architects, 23 February 1901.
E. Harwood, "The history and plan forms of purpose built lunatic asylums, with
a study of their conservation and reuse", Diploma Thesis (Architectural
Listing NGR: SE1752942901
This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.
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