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Latitude: 51.5623 / 51°33'44"N
Longitude: -1.7908 / 1°47'26"W
OS Eastings: 414596
OS Northings: 184850
OS Grid: SU145848
Mapcode National: GBR YPT.Q5
Mapcode Global: VHB3D.XZ4P
Plus Code: 9C3WH665+WM
Entry Name: 1, 2 and 3, London Street
Listing Date: 17 February 1970
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1283505
English Heritage Legacy ID: 318782
Location: Central Swindon, Swindon, SN1
Electoral Ward/Division: Central
Built-Up Area: Swindon
Traditional County: Wiltshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire
Church of England Parish: Swindon New Town
Church of England Diocese: Bristol
This list entry was subject to a Minor Enhancement on 28/04/2020
SU 1484 NE
LONDON STREET (south side)
Nos. 1, 2 and 3
In order to house the workforce for the new Great Western Railway works, IK Brunel designed a new village to the south of the railway line. Brunel’s early layout drawings of 1840 show a grid similar to the final plan of 12 terraces in six blocks on either side of the High Street (from 1893 Emlyn Square). Construction started in 1842, and by 1855 most of the buildings had been completed. Houses and cottages of different types were built, as well as lodging houses. Brunel himself designed only the first block of 1842 (4-25 Bristol Street); as it was visible from the railway line, this is in a more decorative style than the others.
The financial difficulties of the contractors JD & C Rigby, who undertook to build 300 cottages but only completed 130, delayed the completion of the village until the 1850s. The cottages to the west of Emlyn Square were built first (1842-1843), followed by those on the east side (1845-1847). The end blocks towards Emlyn Square, containing corner shops on the ground floor, were built in 1845-1847, and the remainder, mostly end blocks on the outer ends of the streets, were built in 1853-1855. In 1966, the local authority acquired the cottages from British Rail and restored them. The village is one of Britain’s best-preserved and architecturally most ambitious railway settlements.
Two houses in terrace, now three dwellings, 1846 for Great Western Railway Company. Coursed squared limestone rubble coursed rubble to rear wall. Asbestos slate roofs. Ashlar stacks with rendered diagonal shafts on party wall and right gable. No. 1, two-storey three bays. Central door to hallway, two rooms deep with C20 rear outbuilding. Nos. 2 and 3, of single bay each, with inset entrance. Low plinth, chamfered two-pane casement windows and door surrounds, latter with pyramidal stops. All ground floor openings with label moulds. C20 fifteen-pane doors and four-pane sashes.
Listing NGR: SU1459284846
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