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Scaleby Castle

A Grade I Listed Building in Scaleby, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.9537 / 54°57'13"N

Longitude: -2.8617 / 2°51'42"W

OS Eastings: 344910

OS Northings: 562454

OS Grid: NY449624

Mapcode National: GBR 8CG5.71

Mapcode Global: WH7ZR.0RK9

Plus Code: 9C6VX43Q+F8

Entry Name: Scaleby Castle

Listing Date: 1 April 1957

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1311782

English Heritage Legacy ID: 77959

Also known as: Scaleby Castle moated site

ID on this website: 101311782

Location: Scaleby, Cumberland, Cumbria, CA6

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle

Civil Parish: Scaleby

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Scaleby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Tagged with: Castle English country house

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8/167 Scaleby Castle

1.4.57 I

Castle. Probably late C13, licence to crenellate granted to Sir Robert de
Tylliol, 1307; mostly rebuilt in C15, with late C16 wing for Sir Edward
Musgrave, altered in late C17 for William Gilpin and remodelled about 1838,
probably by Thomas Rickman for the Fawcett family. Oldest work is of red
sandstone from the nearby Roman Wall; later work of mixed Roman Wall stone and
ashlar, with most recent work of red sandstone ashlar; slate roofs, brick and
ashlar chimney stacks. L-shaped buildings with angle curtain wall form roughly
a square; circular enclosing moat now filled; remaining water-filled outer
moat. 4-storey, single-bay tower house, now in ruins, has 3-storey, 3-bay great
hall adjoining to south; projecting 2-storey open roof polygonal curtain tower,
adjoins to north-west; north-west facing 2-storey gatehouse, with joining high
curtain wall, enclosing small courtyard; south range, at right angles to the
great hall, is of 2 periods, that to right 3 storeys and attic, bays and later
building left of 3 storeys, 2 bays. Tower house has extremely thick chamfered
plinth and chamfered string courses to each floor, chamfered lancet windows.
Interior has remains of vaulted lower chamber, with remains of newel staircase
in thickness of the wall, all other floors gone and walls in ruins, probably as
a result of destruction after 1648 siege. Curtain tower has C15 windows to
ground floor and chamfered lancets above; wall probably battlemented but now in
ruins. Wall to courtyard has inner gate giving access to tower house.
Adjoining gatehouse has round arch entrance with recessed pointed arch. Large
angle buttress, with large raised panels above entrance with central recess.
Carved stone coat of arms of de Tylliols, to left, and central carved Gilpin
arms above entrance. Interior has porters' lodges flanking entrance, with
portcullis room above. Great hall has stepped entrance dated 1965. Sash
windows with glazing bars and hood moulds were added in 1680's; filled slit
vents. Entrance from courtyard has pointed arch. Interior had tunnel vaulted
lower chamber. South range has large stepped angle buttresses; building to
right of 1567-1606 on earlier foundations has sash windows of 1680's and c1838,
with above-eaves gabled dormers; projecting 3-storey bay ends in gabled dormer.
Circa 1838 building left has mullioned casement windows with glazing bars and
hood moulds, that on ground floor left altered to a French window. End wall has
C19 mullioned windows with quatrefoil window in gable angle. Coupled
battlemented stone chimney stacks. Rear has courtyard entrance dated 1737 with
cartouche of Richard Gilpin. Sash windows with glazing bars and C19 mullioned
windows have square leaded panes. Birthplace of the Rev William Gilpin and his
brother Sawrey Gilpin. See, Transactions Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian &
Archaeological Soc., Vol. XXV, p398-413.

Listing NGR: NY4491262456

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