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Church of St Peter

A Grade I Listed Building in Sowerby Bridge, Calderdale

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.7052 / 53°42'18"N

Longitude: -1.9365 / 1°56'11"W

OS Eastings: 404288

OS Northings: 423201

OS Grid: SE042232

Mapcode National: GBR GTXL.KJ

Mapcode Global: WHB8N.743B

Entry Name: Church of St Peter

Listing Date: 15 November 1966

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1313775

English Heritage Legacy ID: 339403

Location: Calderdale, HX6

County: Calderdale

Electoral Ward/Division: Ryburn

Built-Up Area: Sowerby Bridge

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Sowerby St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

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Sowerby Bridge

Listing Text

SOWERBY BRIDGE TOWN GATE
SE 0423 & SE 0523
(east end), Sowerby
12/271
Church of St Peter
15.11.66
GV I

Church. 1763-66 by John Wilson (Linstrum p.80), vestry and interior restoration
c.1880. Coursed squared.millstone grit, roofs not visible. West tower; nave with gallery, north organ chamber and vestry; narrower apsidal sanctuary. Classical style. Tower: 3 stages. South side, lst stage: corniced plinth with blind balustrade below windows; angle pilasters; 6-panel door to right; round-arched window in keyed architrave with imposts under square window in plain stone
surround, both windows with glazing bars. 2nd stage: plinth as below, band,
cornice; central raised panel with recessed architrave containing 1908 clock.
3rd stage: raised panel rises from below and has belfry opening of 2 pointed
lights, cill band and imposts. Cornice. 4 pinnacles. West side: round-arched
doorway with imposts, key blocks and inner plain stone door surround. Above is
Venetian window with glazing bars and keystone. 2nd stage has bands, cornice and raised panel with clock. Belfry opening. Pinnacles. single-storey addition to north in same style. North side: plainer but pith bands, cornices, raised panel, belfry opening and pinnacles. Nave: 7 bays, central 3 bays breaking forward slightly as Tuscan distyle in antis. Corniced plinth has panels of blind balustrade under windows. Doors in Gibbs surrounds to outer bays: left door double, of 8 panels with overlight; right doorway infilled and with smaller 6-panel door. Ground-floor windows round-arched with imposts, archivolts,
keystones; gallery windows rectangular in plain stone surrounds, 4 with glazing
bars. Entablature with moulded cornice. Balustrade as plinth. North side:
plainer. Bays divided by stepped pilaster buttresses. Blocked doorways in outer
bays have tiestones and pentapartite keystones. Windows as south front, without
architraves. East side: windows as south front. Apse, east end: channelled
rusticated basement with chamfered cornice; corniced plinth; giant Tuscan
pilasters supporting entablature with cornice; Venetian window with Tuscan
columns on blind balustrade supporting classical entablature with dentil cornice,
large voussoirs over central light, hoodmould. Interior: internal porch:
finely-panelled; C18 double door with overlight. Nave: giant composite columns on panelled bases supporting entablature with key motif to soffit, several moulded orders, modillion cornice. Horseshoe gallery with raised-and-fielded-panel and corniced front. Clock in architrave at west end and polychromatic marble colonnades flanking sanctuary. Sanctuary: lower portion of wall, c.1880: panelling with beautifully-carved, pilastered, shell niche for credence and dentil cornice; polychromatic marble colonnades with male heads, floral entablature and modillion cornice. Venetian east window has Composite column jambs, entablature with dentil cornice, and is flanked by 4 corniced, eared, architraves framing the 10 Commandments and relief figures of Moses and Jesus. Above window is well-executed Royal Arms, dated 1766, flanked by 4 cartouches with coats of arms by Guiseppe Cortese (Linstrum, p.187), painted angels and titles of sculptures below. Frieze. Cornice continued from nave. Floors: encaustic tiles to nave; tessellated to sanctuary. C18 panelled pews to nave; numbered box pews to gallery; finely-carved C19 choir stalls. Polished stone altar rail. Elaborate C19 polychromatic marble pulpit with iron balustrade to stair. Panelled C18 tower door with stained glass panels and fanlight. Octagonal medieval font, and benefaction boards, on landing of gallery stairs. Fine series of monuments including: that to the locally-born Archbishop Tillotson, 1630-94 - a statue by Joseph Wilson (royal statuary), c.1796, in aedicule with inscription on bowed base; Stansfeld family memorial, c.1799 - inscribed panel in pedimented shouldered architrave surmounted by urn; Leas family memorial, 1800 - panel with relief foliage and frieze surmounted by urn on stand with drapery; Henry Longfield memorial, 1833 - panel on consoles with bracketed entablature under relief sculpture of women weeping beside broken column overhung by tree. Also: C17 portrait of Archbishop Tillotson; memorial tablet to Crimean War dead; series of fine coats of arms in gallery and clerestory; Jacobean oak table (possibly a former altar) near door; 8 bells of 1781. This fine classical church replaced an earlier one on the site. Linstrum notes that the design is based on the published plate of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Leeds, 1723-27 by William Etty (Linstrum, p.80).
D Linstrum, West Yorkshire Architects and Architecture (1978).
St Peter's Church, Sowerby - booklet held by Mr Gibson (vicar).
Typescript belonging to Mr Gibson (vicar) entitled "Taken from the History of the
Family of Stansfeld by John Stansfeld (printed 1885)".


Listing NGR: SE0428823202

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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