History in Structure

Church of St Peter

A Grade I Listed Building in Tewin, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8126 / 51°48'45"N

Longitude: -0.1618 / 0°9'42"W

OS Eastings: 526812

OS Northings: 214256

OS Grid: TL268142

Mapcode National: GBR J93.7X4

Mapcode Global: VHGPF.4PSV

Plus Code: 9C3XRR7Q+27

Entry Name: Church of St Peter

Listing Date: 24 November 1966

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1341477

English Heritage Legacy ID: 356242

ID on this website: 101341477

Location: St Peter's Church, Tewin, East Hertfordshire, AL6

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Tewin

Built-Up Area: Tewin

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Tewin

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Tagged with: Church building

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TL 21 SE
(South side)
5/132 Church of St. Peter

Parish church. C11 origins. Chancel rebuilt or remodelled, S aisle and
clerestorey added in C13. Altered, re-roofed and W tower added in C15. S
porch added in C16. Restored 1864 by F. Smith. Refitted and vestry added
1903 by T.P. Atkinson. Flint rubble on brick plinth. Rendered with stone
and some tile dressings. Tiled roof. 3 bay nave, lengthened chancel is
slightly narrower and lower, S aisle, W tower, S porch, N vestry.
Unbuttressed E end, restored C15 window, 3 cinquefoiled lights, casement
moulding to Tudor arch, hood mould. Chancel to S: 2 C13 lancets, 1 with
restored jambs the other chamfered, blocked C19 door, square headed C15
window of 2 cinquefoiled lights. 1903 vestry to N has catslide roof from
chancel, door to E. Nave to N has 2 C15 square headed windows of 2
cinquefoiled lights, between these an C11 small round headed opening
with deeply splayed embrasure, now blocked. Towards W end a C19 pointed
arched door with a 2 light square headed window above formerly opening
onto gallery. 2 stage buttress at E end of nave built into vestry, tile
coped. S aisle had roof raised in C15 to become a continuous catslide
from nave roof thereby blocking C13 clerestorey. S aisle has 2 C13
lancets. Tile quoining to W end which has a high C18 2 light window with
a moulded mullioned timber frame. E end C15 square headed window of 2
cinquefoiled lights. S porch has exposed timber frame on rebuilt brick
plinth. Gable end to S with blocked entrance, cambered tie beam, moulded
bargeboards, 2 light ovolo moulded window to E. C19 entrance to W. Porch
has crown post roof with 2 way braces to collar purlin, braces to tie
beams. Inner S entrance is C14 2 centred moulded arch stopped on jambs,
mask stopped hood mould. To E of arch an oval stoup recess. Low 2 stage
W tower with lower stage as high as nave, short belfry. Set to N of nave
centre so N wall almost aligns with nave wall. C19 double door with
heavily moulded pointed arch to W. An early lancet above. Clock to N. 2
stage diagonal buttresses with tiled offsets to W. 2 stage buttress to
NE. String course to belfry with 2 cinquefoiled lights in Tudor arched
openings. Single square headed opening to N. Cornice to roughcast
embattled parapet. Short leaded octagonal spirelet with weathervane.
Interior: 3 bay C13 S arcade with octagonal piers, moulded caps and
bases, double chamfered pointed arches, a single chamfer only to SW. One
pier has a small pointed niche for an image with a hole for lamp
bracket, 2 holes in E respond for rood screen. Above arcade are jambs to
former clerestorey openings with inside aisle, a single round light. C14
chancel arch is unevenly 2 centred, double chamfer dying into chamfered
jambs. 2 centred double chamfered tower arch. Nave N wall has large
round headed opening of C11 window. Towards E part of probable surround
to former opening onto rood stair. Chancel N wall has early C20 vestry
door, 4 centred arch with carved spandrels to square head. S wall has
late C13 piscina, trefoiled pointed head, outer chamfer, hood mould,
credence shelf. A blocked C19 door. Ceiled 7 sided braced collar and
rafter roofs with C15 arched braced moulded cambered tie beams in nave.
C18 font with fluted and gadrooned bowl, unfinished stem. Monuments:
removed from churchyard to S porch is large monument to Gen J. Sabine,
d.1729. Marble. Epitaph on base. Panelled sarcophagus with relief
carving, reclining Roman general with trophies and arms on sides.
Diagonally set scrolled buttresses. Panelled obelisk rises into collar
purlin. N chancel wall. Rev. C. Proby and family, d.1727, marble epitaph
in aedicule with scrolled pilasters, achievement above. W. Gore, d.1709,
marble epitaph in scrolled and draped Baroque cartouche with seraphs.
Rev. A. Willis, d.1796, marble slab. T.H. Beit, d.1917, bronze slab with
pilasters and wings by H. Pegrams. Wife and son of R. Mackay, d.1817 and
1818, reeded Greek Revival marble slab. In SE corner of nave beyond
arcade is a tall varicoloured marble wall monument to Lady E. Cathcart,
d.1789, fret band below epitaph, arms over cornice with 2 figures in
relief flanking an urn. Nave W wall, Warren family, late C17 marble
epitaph in cartouche, scrolled with arms above. S aisle wall: J. Fleet,
d.1733, marble epitaph in cartouche, Baroque with scrolls, drapes,
seraphs and skulls, arms above. Mrs. S. West and C. and S. Thornbery,
d.1757, 1745 and 1770, marble epitaphs with blank cartouche below,
obelisk above. Wooden board with details of will of Mrs. M. Sabine,
d.1748, erected 1787. Brass in S aisle, figure of T. Pygott, d.1610.
Floor slabs: chancel, early C14 Purbeck marble to Walter de Louthe,
several C17 and C18 slabs in chancel, nave, tower and S aisle. E window,
1874 by Powell and Sons. Externally a small memorial on E wall to
F. Lloyd, d.1805. Sundial on SE quoin. (East Herts Archaeological
Society Transactions, vol.2, pt.2, 1903, p.165: RCHM 1910: VCH 1912:
Pevsner 1977).

Listing NGR: TL2681214256

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