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Latitude: 51.5365 / 51°32'11"N
Longitude: -0.1545 / 0°9'16"W
OS Eastings: 528094
OS Northings: 183571
OS Grid: TQ280835
Mapcode National: GBR 93.HC
Mapcode Global: VHGQS.8MPZ
Entry Name: Chimps Breeding Colony the Gorilla House
Listing Date: 14 September 1970
Last Amended: 17 September 1970
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1357402
English Heritage Legacy ID: 207749
Location: Westminster, London, NW1
District: City of Westminster
Electoral Ward/Division: Regent's Park
Built-Up Area: City of Westminster
Traditional County: Middlesex
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London
Church of England Parish: St Mary Magdalene Munster Sq.
Church of England Diocese: London
TQ 2883 NW CITY OF WESTMINSTER ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS
6/3 REGENT'S PARK NW1
14.9.70 The Gorilla House
(Chimps Breeding Colony)
Gorilla House. 1932 - 33, by Lubetkin and Tecton with Ove Arup, their first
significant commission and their first zoo building for the Zoological Society.
Reinforced 4" concrete,steel cage bars, light, insulated panel, revolving screen and
sliding glass inner cage windows; asphalted flat roof. Circular plan form governs
design which consists of drum with an open cage occupying half the circle and
permanent cage with clerestory light to the other half, with entrance and exit
swept wings integral to the composition. In winter,the revolving insulated screen closes
the open cage, provides sheltered viewing space for the public and allows climatic
control with sliding glass windows rising in the dividing wall and air conditioning
simulating Congo conditions. The revolving insulated panel screen(housed in summer
in the permanent half of the drum) pivots centrally upon ball bearings in a solid
steel column and is supported at the outer edge by rollers moving along a steel
channel on the upper perimeter. The permanent cage has a small basin and fountain.
Seminal Modern Movement building in Britain and the first built application of
the highly technical, quasi scientific Tecton research approach to a complex brief
producing an uncompromisingly modern design distinguished by a dynamic compositional
rhythm over-riding functionalism.
Lubetkin and Tecton, Architecture and Social Commitment; Peter Coe and Malcolm Reading.
Listing NGR: TQ2809483571
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