History in Structure

Shaw Lodge Mill Chimney

A Grade II* Listed Building in Halifax, Calderdale

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Latitude: 53.7144 / 53°42'52"N

Longitude: -1.8543 / 1°51'15"W

OS Eastings: 409712

OS Northings: 424235

OS Grid: SE097242

Mapcode National: GBR HTHH.B6

Mapcode Global: WHC9M.HW6T

Plus Code: 9C5WP47W+Q7

Entry Name: Shaw Lodge Mill Chimney

Listing Date: 3 April 2007

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1391916

English Heritage Legacy ID: 496258

ID on this website: 101391916

Location: Bank Top, Calderdale, West Yorkshire, HX3

County: Calderdale

Electoral Ward/Division: Town

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Halifax

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Siddal St Mark

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Tagged with: Mill building

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679/0/10319 BOYS LANE
03-APR-07 (East side)
Shaw Lodge Mill Chimney

Chimney, 1855, in dressed coursed gritstone. Tall square base with rock-faced rustication on the quoins and recessed panels on each face. Above is a tapered octagonal chimney. The chimney is connected to the engine house to the south by a tunnel beneath Boys Lane.

The firm of John Holdsworth & Company was founded in 1822 by John Holdsworth, whose family were already woollen textile manufacturers and merchants in Shibden then in Halifax. They specialised in worsted cloth, produced by hand loom weavers, but developments in mechanised spinning led in 1822 to John Holdsworth establishing his first spinning mill to join a growing number of worsted spinning mills in Halifax. The location of this is uncertain, but by 1825 he was purchasing land at Shaw Lodge and his first mill on the site is dated to 1830. This is the extant 'No 1 Mill' on the present site.

Further developments in the industry led to the gradual mechanisation of the weaving part of the process, and the first power loom weaving shed was begun at Shaw Lodge in 1844. This was accompanied at around the same time by further spinning mills and, in 1852, by an extension to the weaving shed. The No 2 Mill, dated to between 1831 and 1839, was to the south of the extant buildings, and at right angles to them leading eastwards to the Hebble Brook. It is unclear whether a plan of 1925 was built as such, as earlier plans call it a warehouse, though it was certainly in existence by 1855, standing to the north of and adjoining No 1 Mill.

The mills appear to have been steam powered by 1839, with separate engines for each of the two mills. By 1855 a separate engine house, boiler house and chimney were built on the eastern side of the site, with underground power connections to the mills. By this time, the firm had invested in Jacquard looms and in 1851 won a medal at the Great Exhibition for their worsted cloths. Branches in Bradford and London were run by members of the family, and John Holdsworth had a house, Shaw Lodge, close by the western side of the site, now demolished.

Continuing prosperity led to the construction of the 7-storey warehouse to the north of No 3 Mill in 1862, and the separate office block with adjoining stable in 1865. A workshop and shed at the north end of the site, and a tower and timekeepers office at the northern end of the weaving sheds were added in 1876.

Since then, alterations to the buildings have included the loss of the No 2 Mill and the southern end of No 1 Mill, the reconstruction of the stables, extensions to the engine house and boiler house, and the reroofing of most of the weaving sheds and mills. The firm continues to operate up to 2006, having survived the demise of most woollen manufacturing in the country, specializing in the production of moquette for the bus and coach trade. The site is due to be redeveloped.

www.holdsworth.co.uk "over 200 years in the textile industry"
R.C.H.M. Yorkshire Textile Mills 1770-1930, 1992
Wrathmell, S. Unpub. notes

The chimney at Shaw Lodge Mill is part of a very important and complete complex of worsted mill buildings. The importance of the Yorkshire textile industry is widely acknowledged, and the best surviving examples have been identified in a thematic survey. Shaw Lodge was identified in this survey as meriting a II* grade by virtue of its high quality and intactness.

As an integral and essential part of the mill complex, and with its own architectural interest and intactness, the chimney is of high significance in the history of this nationally important industry.

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