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Hillcroft

A Grade II Listed Building in Knebworth, Hertfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8691 / 51°52'8"N

Longitude: -0.1919 / 0°11'30"W

OS Eastings: 524585

OS Northings: 220487

OS Grid: TL245204

Mapcode National: GBR J89.SCM

Mapcode Global: VHGP6.M9F0

Entry Name: Hillcroft

Listing Date: 16 December 2009

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1393620

English Heritage Legacy ID: 495513

Location: Knebworth, North Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire, SG3

County: Hertfordshire

District: North Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Knebworth

Built-Up Area: Knebworth

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Knebworth

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

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Codicote

Listing Text

KNEBWORTH

105/0/10028 DEARDS END LANE
16-DEC-09 7
Hillcroft

II
Two storey house, built 1901 as a pair of semi-detached cottages designed by E. Lutyens who converted it into one house in 1904 adding a rear extension. Additional mid C20 two storey extension to the south.

MATERIALS
Red brick, laid in stretcher bond, with a gable roof and plain tile covering.

PLAN
'T' shaped with front range and projecting rear extension.

EXTERIOR
There are two central angled ridge stacks each with three interlocking flues and pots. The fa├žade has a central recessed porch with contemporary two leaf, part glazed entrance door and three dormers. The rear elevation accommodates the single storey, double height, rear extension with an end stack. Timber casement windows throughout, some of which are later C20 replacements.

INTERIOR
The interior reflects the 1904 conversion, although the plan-form of the 1901 cottages remains legible. The brick-built inglenook fireplace on the ground floor is flanked by recessed, arched panels. A second fireplace, with cast-iron grate,remains in the first floor bedroom. There are contemporary battened doors throughout. The Lutyens rear extension is partly double-height and has a brick built fireplace against the rear wall, the stack being recessed above the fireplace, providing emphasis to the casement window above.

HISTORY
Hillcroft was designed by Edwin Lutyens (1869-1944) in 1901 for his brother-in-law, Earl Lytton of Knebworth House. Lytton planned other houses and the golf clubhouse in Deards End Lane before World War I and commissioned Lutyens to design them. Hillcroft was designed as a pair of semi-detached, interlocking cottages for estate workers in 1901, but in 1904 Earl Lytton commissioned Lutyens to design a conversion of the building into one residence, adding a substantial extension to the rear.

SOURCES
R. Meredith, History of Hillcroft (1997) [copy with the Lutyens Trust]

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION
Hillcroft, Deards End Lane, Knebworth, is recommended for designation for the following principal reasons.
* It is an example of a good quality imaginative design by Edwin Lutyens
in 1901, converted by him into a single residence in 1904.
* Although there have been some later C20 alterations they are sympathetic to the Lutyens composition which focusses on the wide entrance lobby leading to the double-height rear extension.
* Hillcroft has group value with the other listed buildings by Lutyens on Deards End Lane with which it is comparable in quality.

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Reasons for Listing

Hillcroft, Deards End Lane, Knebworth is designated for the following principal reasons.
* Hillcroft is an example of a good quality, imaginative design by Edwin Lutyens in 1901 and converted by him into a single residence in 1904.
* Although there have been some later C20 alterations, they are sympathetic to the Lutyens composition which focuses on the wide entrance lobby leading to the double-height rear extension.
* Hillcroft has group value with other listed dwellings by Lutyens on Deards End Lane with which it is comparable in quality.

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