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Group of Nine Chest Tombs Including Tomb of John Guyse, South Enclosure

A Grade II Listed Building in Islington, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5234 / 51°31'24"N

Longitude: -0.0875 / 0°5'15"W

OS Eastings: 532777

OS Northings: 182232

OS Grid: TQ327822

Mapcode National: GBR S8.H2

Mapcode Global: VHGQT.FZL1

Entry Name: Group of Nine Chest Tombs Including Tomb of John Guyse, South Enclosure

Listing Date: 21 February 2011

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1396555

English Heritage Legacy ID: 508639

Location: Islington, London, EC1Y

County: London

District: Islington

Electoral Ward/Division: Bunhill

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Islington

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Giles Cripplegate

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text


635-1/0/10270 BUNHILL FIELDS BURIAL GROUND
21-FEB-11 Group of nine chest tombs including to
mb of John Guyse, South enclosure

GV II
Group of nine chest tombs including tomb of John Guyse, late C18 and early C19

LOCATION: 532782.4, 182228.9 (start); 532776, 182243.9 (end)

MATERIALS: Portland stone with Pennant stone, sandstone and brick

DESCRIPTION: Nine chest tombs form a long row alongside the eastern boundary of the site, between the central pathway and the wall of the Honourable Artillery Company Ground. From north to south they are as follows:
#1: Stone chest with brick plinth and corner pilasters; inscription identifies it as the family vault of William Pyne (d.1804).
#2: Stone chest on raised plinth with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#3: Stone chest with fielded side panels, moulded Pennant stone lid and small upright footstone; illegible, but known to be the burial place of the Independent minister John Guyse.
#4: Stone chest with sandstone plinth and fielded side panels; inscriptions commemorate Daniel Renney, 'late of the parish of St Leonard's, Shoreditch', and various members of the Bass family including William Francis (d.1795).
#5: Stone chest with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#6: Stone chest with corner balusters and moulded Pennant stone lid; illegible.
#7: Stone chest with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#8: Stone chest on raised plinth with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#9: Stone chest on raised plinth with fluted corner pilasters and high coped top; inscription commemorates William Hale (d.1808) and various members of his family.

HISTORY: John Guyse (c.1677-1761) was baptised in St Albans and educated at Dissenting academies at Pinner and Saffron Walden. He began to preach at the age of 19, eventually becoming assistant minister at a chapel in Hertford before moving to London in 1727 to preside over a newly-formed congregation at New Broad Street. A conservative Calvinist, he published pamphlets attacking Arianism as well as a number of sermons and biblical commentaries.

Bunhill Fields was first enclosed as a burial ground in 1665. Thanks to its location just outside the City boundary, and its independence from any Established place of worship, it became London's principal Nonconformist cemetery, the burial place of John Bunyan, Daniel Defoe, William Blake and other leading religious and intellectual figures. It was closed for burials in 1853, laid out as a public park in 1867, and re-landscaped following war damage by Bridgewater and Shepheard in 1964-5.

SOURCES: Corporation of London, A History of the Bunhill Fields Burial Ground (1902).
A W Light, Bunhill Fields (London, 1915).
Edwin Cannan, rev. Stephen C. Orchard, entry on Guyse in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, www.oxforddnb.com (retrieved on 9 June 2009).

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION: The nine chest tombs are listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* They form a coherent group of late-C18 and early-C19 chest tombs in a prominent site at the eastern entrance to the cemetery.
* One of the tombs commemorates John Guyse, a prominent Independent minister of the mid-C18.
* They are located within the Grade I registered Bunhill Fields Burial Ground (q.v.), within which they form a prominent landmark.

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Description


635-1/0/10270 BUNHILL FIELDS BURIAL GROUND
21-FEB-11 Group of nine chest tombs including to
mb of John Guyse, South enclosure

GV II
Group of nine chest tombs including tomb of John Guyse, late C18 and early C19

LOCATION: 532782.4, 182228.9 (start); 532776, 182243.9 (end)

MATERIALS: Portland stone with Pennant stone, sandstone and brick

DESCRIPTION: Nine chest tombs form a long row alongside the eastern boundary of the site, between the central pathway and the wall of the Honourable Artillery Company Ground. From north to south they are as follows:
#1: Stone chest with brick plinth and corner pilasters; inscription identifies it as the family vault of William Pyne (d.1804).
#2: Stone chest on raised plinth with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#3: Stone chest with fielded side panels, moulded Pennant stone lid and small upright footstone; illegible, but known to be the burial place of the Independent minister John Guyse.
#4: Stone chest with sandstone plinth and fielded side panels; inscriptions commemorate Daniel Renney, 'late of the parish of St Leonard's, Shoreditch', and various members of the Bass family including William Francis (d.1795).
#5: Stone chest with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#6: Stone chest with corner balusters and moulded Pennant stone lid; illegible.
#7: Stone chest with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#8: Stone chest on raised plinth with fielded side and end panels; illegible.
#9: Stone chest on raised plinth with fluted corner pilasters and high coped top; inscription commemorates William Hale (d.1808) and various members of his family.

HISTORY: John Guyse (c.1677-1761) was baptised in St Albans and educated at Dissenting academies at Pinner and Saffron Walden. He began to preach at the age of 19, eventually becoming assistant minister at a chapel in Hertford before moving to London in 1727 to preside over a newly-formed congregation at New Broad Street. A conservative Calvinist, he published pamphlets attacking Arianism as well as a number of sermons and biblical commentaries.

Bunhill Fields was first enclosed as a burial ground in 1665. Thanks to its location just outside the City boundary, and its independence from any Established place of worship, it became London's principal Nonconformist cemetery, the burial place of John Bunyan, Daniel Defoe, William Blake and other leading religious and intellectual figures. It was closed for burials in 1853, laid out as a public park in 1867, and re-landscaped following war damage by Bridgewater and Shepheard in 1964-5.

SOURCES: Corporation of London, A History of the Bunhill Fields Burial Ground (1902).
A W Light, Bunhill Fields (London, 1915).
Edwin Cannan, rev. Stephen C. Orchard, entry on Guyse in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, www.oxforddnb.com (retrieved on 9 June 2009).

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION: The nine chest tombs are listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* They form a coherent group of late-C18 and early-C19 chest tombs in a prominent site at the eastern entrance to the cemetery.
* One of the tombs commemorates John Guyse, a prominent Independent minister of the mid-C18.
* They are located within the Grade I registered Bunhill Fields Burial Ground (q.v.), within which they form a prominent landmark.

Reasons for Listing

The nine chest tombs are recommended for listing at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* They form a coherent group of late-C18 and early-C19 chest tombs in a prominent site at the eastern entrance to the cemetery.
* One of the tombs commemorates John Guyse, a prominent Independent minister of the mid-C18.
* They are located within the Grade I registered Bunhill Fields Burial Ground (q.v.), within which they form a prominent landmark.

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