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Shoreham War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Sevenoaks, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3336 / 51°20'1"N

Longitude: 0.1813 / 0°10'52"E

OS Eastings: 552052

OS Northings: 161651

OS Grid: TQ520616

Mapcode National: GBR T1.VR7

Mapcode Global: VHHPD.3R60

Plus Code: 9F3285MJ+FG

Entry Name: Shoreham War Memorial

Listing Date: 28 July 2015

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1427626

Location: Shoreham, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN14

County: Kent

District: Sevenoaks

Civil Parish: Shoreham

Built-Up Area: Shoreham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Church of England Parish: Shoreham St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Rochester

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Summary


First World War memorial, 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

The memorial stands on a square, stepped promontory extending into the River Darenth, next to the Bridge and close to Bridge Cottage (both Grade II-listed). Approximately 3.5m tall, it comprises a stone monolith set on a square plinth. This rises from a square rag-stone base with flower troughs set in each corner. The upper step of the promontory is surrounded by seven low bollards, which formerly carried a chain around the memorial.

The incised inscription on the front face of the monolith reads 'SHOREHAM/ KENT/ REMEMBER/ AS YOU LOOK/ AT/ THE CROSS/ ON THE HILL/ THOSE/ WHO GAVE/ THEIR LIVES/ FOR/ THEIR COUNTRY/ 1914-1919.' A bronze plaque on the front face of the plinth lists the names of 32 men who fell in the First World War. A bronze plaque on the right-hand side of the plinth reads '1939 [cross]1945 (12 NAMES)/ GIVE PEACE IN OUR TIME, O LORD.' On the left-hand side of the plinth a bronze plaque reads 'THOSE WHO WERE KILLED IN AIR RAIDS/ 1939 [cross] 1945/ (8 NAMES)/ GIVE PEACE IN OUR TIME, O LORD.'


This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 30 November 2016.

History

The memorial stone was dedicated on 24 May 1920 and unveiled by Lt Col the Hon Francis Mildmay. It is the marker of, and bears the inscriptions for, the Shoreham Cross. The Shoreham Cross is the large chalk hill figure on the hillside approximately 650m to the north-west. The cross was cut in May 1920 as a war memorial on land donated by Mildmay. The location for the stone, beside the River Darenth, was chosen for the view that it affords of the hillside.

The architect was John Oliver Brook Hitch MC ARIBA, and the memorial stone was executed by Nine Elms Stone Masonry Works Ltd. Hitch was also responsible for the Animals War Memorial Dispensary in Kilburn (Grade II-listed). The inscriptions had been re-cut in 1979, but those inscribed on the plinth were covered by bronze plaques in 2000. The flower troughs were added in 1989. In 2010 nearby bushes were cut back to restore the line of sight between the memorial stone and the Shoreham Cross.

Reasons for Listing

Shoreham War Memorial, situated by the River Darenth on Darenth Way in Shoreham, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic Interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifices it made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Historic association: the memorial was placed with direct line of sight to Shoreham Cross, cut in the nearby hillside as a war memorial in May 1920;
* Group value: with the Bridge over the River Darenth and Bridge Cottage (both Grade II-listed).

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