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Grundisburgh Cenotaph

A Grade II Listed Building in Grundisburgh, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1128 / 52°6'46"N

Longitude: 1.2461 / 1°14'45"E

OS Eastings: 622357

OS Northings: 251029

OS Grid: TM223510

Mapcode National: GBR VNK.HVZ

Mapcode Global: VHLBN.K533

Entry Name: Grundisburgh Cenotaph

Listing Date: 19 November 2015

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1430759

Location: Grundisburgh, Suffolk Coastal, Suffolk, IP13

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal

Civil Parish: Grundisburgh

Built-Up Area: Grundisburgh

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Grundisburgh St Mary Virgin

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

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Summary

First World War memorial, 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

The memorial stands in a roadside enclosure in front of the Church of St Mary (Grade I-listed), separated from the churchyard by hedges. It is in a raised, gravelled area, approached from the street by rakes of three steps at either side of the enclosure. Built of Portland stone, it comprises a 3.4m tall cenotaph. Two stepped blocks rise from the main pylon, which stands on a stepped base. The base is raised on two shallow stone steps. A wreath is carved in relief on the front face of the upper stage of the pylon.

The front face of the pylon bears an inscription that reads TO THE MEMORY OF THOSE/ MEN OF GRUNDISBURGH WHO/ LAID DOWN THEIR LIVES/ FIGHTING IN THE CAUSE OF/ RIGHTEOUSNESS AND FOR/ THEIR KING AND COUNTRY/ IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918. (NAMES)/ “GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN THAN/ THIS THAT A MAN LAY DOWN HIS/ LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS”/ ALSO/ (NAMES). In addition, an inscription on the front face of the base reads AND/ IN THE WORLD WAR 1939 – 1945 (NAMES).

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 13 January 2017.

History

A committee comprising Lord Cranworth, the Rector, Reverend Edwin Sutton, and the Postmaster, Mr AJ Savage, was convened to consider ideas for a war memorial in Grundisburgh. The architect E Thomas Johns (Ipswich) presented a design for a bridge over the village stream in March 1919, but at an estimated cost of £1,000 this was too expensive.

A more conventional memorial was proposed. Grundisburgh Cenotaph was funded by 227 parishioners though public subscription, commemorating the 31 servicemen from the village who died fighting during the First World War. It too was designed by E Thomas Johns, and executed by John Notter at a cost of £278. It was unveiled on 22 August 1920 by Lt-Col HC Copeman CMG DSO and dedicated by Reverend Sutton. An inscription in honour of those who fell in the Second World War was added after the end of that conflict, unveiled on 7 November 1948. Conservation and repair work was carried out in 2009, funded by War Memorials Trust.

E Thomas Johns (1862-1947) trained and practiced as an architect in Ipswich. In partnership from 1889 with William Eade, for whom he had been an assistant, he was Surveyor to Ipswich Borough Council Education Committee from 1903. He practiced on his own account from 1912 and was also known as an accomplished artist. His architectural work includes the Grade II-listed Sun Alliance building in Ipswich, and he exhibited his watercolours at the Royal Academy from 1910 to 1930.

Reasons for Listing

Grundisburgh Cenotaph, situated in the churchyard of the Church St Mary, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic Interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architectural interest: a well-proportioned Classical cenotaph with sparse yet dignified detailing;
* Group Value: with the Grade I-listed Church of St Mary.

Selected Sources

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