History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Oldbury Cenotaph

A Grade II Listed Building in Oldbury, Sandwell

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street View
Contributor Photos »

Street View is the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the building. In some locations, Street View may not give a view of the actual building, or may not be available at all. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5039 / 52°30'14"N

Longitude: -2.0166 / 2°0'59"W

OS Eastings: 398971

OS Northings: 289559

OS Grid: SO989895

Mapcode National: GBR 550.K9

Mapcode Global: VH9YV.0B8B

Entry Name: Oldbury Cenotaph

Listing Date: 21 February 2017

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1442288

Location: Sandwell, B69

County: Sandwell

Civil Parish: Non Civil Parish

Metropolitan District Ward: Oldbury

Traditional County: Worcestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Midlands

Church of England Parish: Oldbury

Church of England Diocese: Birmingham

Find accommodation in
Oldbury

Summary

First World War memorial, unveiled 1926, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

The memorial is a tall cenotaph in Cornish granite, standing on a paved area in front of the former Town Hall (not listed) and opposite 2, Halesowen Street (Grade II). The pylon rises from a five-stepped base, rectangular on plan, and at the top dies back to the foot of the empty tomb. The tomb is in the form of a tapered Classical chest, ornamented with hemispherical bosses.

The east face of the cenotaph bears an inscription in applied bronze letters reading: IN MEMORY OF/ THE MEN OF/ OLDBURY/ WHO FELL IN THE/ GREAT WARS/ 1914-1918/ AND/ 1939-1945/ AND IN/ ALL OTHER/ CONFLICTS. A wreath is carved in low relief to the foot of the pylon. The W face of the cenotaph bears an inscription in applied bronze letters reading: AT THE/ GOING DOWN/ OF THE SUN/ AND IN THE/ MORNING WE WILL/ REMEMBER THEM. with a precisely similar wreath carved below. The northern and southern faces of the cenotaph are decorated with a plain equal-armed cross carved in relief to each side.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across the country. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised at Oldbury as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War. Although no names are recorded on the cenotaph, 284 names are listed in Oldbury’s illuminated Book of Memory.

While a suitable choice for the district’s memorial was being debated, a tank donated by the War Office stood in the Town Square gardens. This had been made at the Oldbury Carriage Works, and had been used for training Tank Corps members in England. The connection with Oldbury was probably a coincidence, as a number of redundant tanks were presented to towns.

The permanent memorial was made by John Dallow and Sons of Uplands Works, Smethwick. It was dedicated on 4 November 1926. The ceremony was attended by General Sir Ian Hamilton, the Archdeacon of Birmingham, local people, and members of 7 Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment, the Oldbury Territorials. The memorial stood in the garden in front of the Town Hall. Following the reconstruction of the Market Square in the 1930s the area around the memorial was reconfigured, and has been further altered since that time. Following the Second World War the inscription was amended to mark those who lost their lives in that conflict.

Reasons for Listing

Oldbury Cenotaph, which stands in Town Square, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architectural interest: a well-proportioned cenotaph in the Classical style, referencing Sir Edwin Lutyens’ Whitehall Cenotaph (1920);
* Group value: with 2, Halesowen Street (Grade II).

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.