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Great Barton War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Great Barton, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2605 / 52°15'37"N

Longitude: 0.7683 / 0°46'5"E

OS Eastings: 589024

OS Northings: 266090

OS Grid: TL890660

Mapcode National: GBR RG6.92J

Mapcode Global: VHKD5.8FJY

Entry Name: Great Barton War Memorial

Listing Date: 9 March 2018

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1454092

Location: Great Barton, St. Edmundsbury, Suffolk, IP31

County: Suffolk

District: St. Edmundsbury

Civil Parish: Great Barton

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Summary


First World War memorial, unveiled 3 April 1921.

Description

First World War memorial, 1921.

DESCRIPTION: Great Barton memorial stands in the churchyard adjacent to the main entrance gate, to the north-east of the Church of the Holy Innocents (Grade I-listed).

It is of Portland stone and takes the form of a Greek cross atop a tapering octagonal shaft with moulded foot. The shaft rises from a small octagonal pedestal atop a wide octagonal plinth. The plinth has a flat, stone cap with moulded cornice beneath and stands on a moulded foot. The whole surmounts a two-stepped, square base. All lettering is incised.

The main inscription is to the north-east face of the plinth and reads ERECTED/ TO THE MEN OF/ THIS PARISH/ WHO GAVE THEIR/ LIVES IN THE/ GREAT WAR/ 1914-1918. The names of 22 parishioners who died in the First World War are recorded on the remaining faces of the plinth; the 23rd name is inscribed to the north-west face of the plinth foot.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised at Great Barton as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

The design and location of the war memorial was the subject of considerable discussion and disagreement within the parish which was reported in local newspapers. It was eventually agreed that two memorials would be erected, a tablet inside the church and a memorial cross in the churchyard. The memorial cross was designed by Mr A Ainsworth Hunt of Hunt and Coats architectural practice, Bury St Edmunds, who also designed the Grade II-listed War Memorial at St Mary's Church, Polstead; Hunt was also one of Great Barton’s churchwardens. It was erected by Mr F H Goddard, who built a number of war memorials in the St Edmundsbury area. The memorial was unveiled on 3 April 1921 by Major H T Coppinger Hill and dedicated by the vicar, Reverend Dr Lipscomb. The costs of the memorial were met by public subscription and it commemorates the 23 members of the local community who died in the First World War.

Reasons for Listing

Great Barton War Memorial, which is situated in the churchyard of the Church of the Holy Innocents, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made in the First World War.

Architectural interest:

* a well-executed Greek cross memorial.

Group value:

* with the Grade I-listed Church of the Holy Innocents.

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