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Horley War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Horley, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.175 / 51°10'29"N

Longitude: -0.1704 / 0°10'13"W

OS Eastings: 527993

OS Northings: 143341

OS Grid: TQ279433

Mapcode National: GBR JJT.CQB

Mapcode Global: VHGSJ.0Q8M

Entry Name: Horley War Memorial

Listing Date: 6 September 2018

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1457672

Location: Horley, Reigate and Banstead, Surrey, RH6

County: Surrey

District: Reigate and Banstead

Civil Parish: Horley

Built-Up Area: Horley

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Summary

A First World War memorial of 1922, with alterations to accommodate the addition of names from the Second World War.

Description

A First World War memorial of 1922, with alterations to accommodate the addition of names from the Second World War.
 
MATERIALS: polished granite, with stone steps and crazy paving.
 
DESCRIPTION: the war memorial is formed of a stepped octagonal base, a rectangular plinth and tall shaft surmounted by a Celtic cross. Metal letters attached to the granite surface are used throughout.
 
The plinth flares gently at the base, and the front face has a wreath carved in relief. It also carries the commemorative text TO THE GLORY OF GOD / AND IN HONOUR / OF THE MEN OF HORLEY / WHO MADE / THE SUPREME SACRIFICE / IN THE GREAT WAR / 1914-1918 / THEIR NAME LIVETH / FOR EVERMORE. The names of the First World War fallen are recorded on the other faces of the plinth, and the middle step. The top step has the text THEY SHALL NOT GROW OLD, AS WE THAT ARE LEFT GROW OLD/ AGE SHALL NOT WEARY THEM, NOR THE YEARS CONDEMN;/ AT THE GOING DOWN OF THE SUN, AND IN THE MORNING/ WE WILL REMEMBER THEM.

The lowest step is divided by three smaller plinths and carries the names of the local servicemen who died in the Second World War, along with the text AND / TO THE MEMORY OF / THOSE WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES / IN THE WORLD WAR / 1939-1945 FOR THEIR HONOUR / AND / OUR REMEMBRANCE.

The shaft of the monument is formed of two sections, divided by a horizontal moulding. The lower half has four flower blooms carved in relief, and contained within a vertical panel. The upper section has vertical sword, also in relief. The shaft gently tapers towards the top and is surmounted by a stripped-back Celtic cross.
 
The monument stands on an octagonal area of crazy paving, which is slightly higher to the rear. To either side there are two stone steps, terminated by a short granite plinth.
 
There is a memorial garden* laid out around the monument which includes a set of metal entrance gates, an access path, and a paved seating area. There is also a later area of crazy paving, which is lower than the original, and includes a brick retaining wall to the rear of the monument site. This landscape and its secondary structures are not included in the listing.
 
* Pursuant to s1 (5A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (‘the Act’), it is declared that these aforementioned features are not of special architectural or historic interest.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever, with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. One such memorial was raised in Horley, Surrey, as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community, who lost their lives in the First World War. It was erected by the stone masons C E Ebbutt & Sons of Croydon, and unveiled on 3 March 1922.

It commemorates the 122 local servicemen who died during the conflict, including Henry Webber who fell in July 1916 from a shrapnel wound. Webber persistently applied to join up alongside his four sons, who all survived the war. He was one of the oldest serving combatants in the First World War, having gained a commission in May 1916 at the age of 67. The memorial also commemorates Lieutenant-Commander G White who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross after being killed in action on the bridge of Submarine E14, in the Dardanelles. His submarine was badly damaged by gunfire, yet White steered it to shore to save his crew. He died on 28 January 1918, and his body was never recovered.

After the Second World War, the base of the monument was altered to accommodate further commemorative text, and the names of the 46 local servicemen who fell in this later conflict. In addition, stone steps terminated by a short granite plinth, were added to either side of the monument, and the crazy paving slightly raised to the rear.

Around 1953, the area around the war memorial was landscaped as a memorial garden.

Reasons for Listing

Horley War Memorial, which stands in the Horley Memorial Garden, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
 
Historic interest:
 
*     as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the conflicts of the C20.
 
Architectural interest:
 
*     an impressive stone monument constructed from good quality materials.

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