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Culgaith War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Culgaith, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.6611 / 54°39'39"N

Longitude: -2.6048 / 2°36'17"W

OS Eastings: 361083

OS Northings: 529723

OS Grid: NY610297

Mapcode National: GBR BG7J.WX

Mapcode Global: WH92J.Y3SK

Entry Name: Culgaith War Memorial

Listing Date: 6 September 2018

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1457728

Location: Culgaith, Eden, Cumbria, CA10

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

Civil Parish: Culgaith

Built-Up Area: Culgaith

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Summary

First World War memorial, 1922, with Second World War additions.

Description

First World War memorial, 1922.

MATERIALS: red sandstone.

DESCRIPTION: Culgaith War Memorial is located on a green by the roadside of the B6412, Culgaith, Cumbria. It is prominently situated facing a main road junction in the heart of the village. It comprises a red sandstone wheel-head cross adorned with Celtic-style scrollwork carving in relief, set on a plinth with a two-stepped base. The memorial is set upon a red sandstone hexagonal paved area surrounded with a low kerb and six post pads which carry ornamental iron posts and chain. The base of the shaft bears the dedication in relief carved lettering and the plinth and stepped base bear the names in incised lettering.

The inscription is in incised lettering and reads TO/ OUR/ GLORIOUS/ DEAD/ 1914 – 1918// (NAMES)// GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN THAN THIS/ THAT A MAN LAY DOWN HIS LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS// (NAMES).

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised at Culgaith as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

Culgaith War Memorial commemorates four local servicemen who fell in the First World War and three men who fell in the Second World War. The memorial was unveiled on 25 June 1922 by Colonel T Fetherstonhaugh of The College, Kirkoswald and dedicated by the vicar, the Reverend J T Edwards.

Reasons for Listing

Culgaith War Memorial, which is situated on a green by the roadside of the B6412, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:

* as a simple but well-executed sandstone Celtic cross.

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