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Westhorpe War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Westhorpe, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2831 / 52°16'58"N

Longitude: 0.9948 / 0°59'41"E

OS Eastings: 604373

OS Northings: 269214

OS Grid: TM043692

Mapcode National: GBR SHG.SCZ

Mapcode Global: VHKD3.6W85

Entry Name: Westhorpe War Memorial

Listing Date: 18 September 2018

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1458928

Location: Westhorpe, Mid Suffolk, Suffolk, IP14

County: Suffolk

District: Mid Suffolk

Civil Parish: Westhorpe

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Summary

First World War memorial, 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

First World War memorial, 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

MATERIALS: Doulting stone.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial stands in the churchyard of the Church of St Margaret (Grade I), immediately outside the main southern entrance of the church. The memorial comprises a tall slender stone Latin calvary cross with a stone roof, to which is attached a bronze figurine of Christ crucified. The bronze figure was carried out by the Art and Book Company, London. The cross stands on a tall square plinth, atop a small square stone step and a larger octagonal stone base. Overall, the memorial stands around 3.3m high.

The main inscription is on the lower end of the cross shaft and reads: IN/ LOVING AND/ GRATEFUL MEMORY/ OF/ with the names of the fallen being listed on the front face of the plinth. On the front face of the octagonal base is an inset stone bearing the inscription: REST ETERNAL GRANT TO THEM O LORD/ AND LET LIGHT PERPETUAL SHINE UPON THEM.

On the northern face of the plinth is the additional inscription: 1939 –1945/ (2 NAMES).

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised in the churchyard at Westhorpe as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the ten members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War. The memorial was unveiled on 18 April 1920 and dedicated by the Reverend C J Smith.

The names of the two parishioners who fell during the Second World War were subsequently added to the memorial.

Conservation of the memorial was carried out in 2015.

Reasons for Listing

Westhorpe War Memorial, which stands in the churchyard of the Church of St Margaret, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:

* as an elegant and well-executed calvary cross.

Group value:

* with the Church of St Margaret (Grade I), Fleurael Cottage (Grade II), the Old Rectory (Grade II) and a K6 telephone kiosk (Grade II).

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