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Danbury War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Danbury, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.719 / 51°43'8"N

Longitude: 0.5691 / 0°34'8"E

OS Eastings: 577562

OS Northings: 205374

OS Grid: TL775053

Mapcode National: GBR PKW.0QZ

Mapcode Global: VHJK9.T271

Entry Name: Danbury War Memorial

Listing Date: 31 January 2019

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1459806

Location: Danbury, Chelmsford, Essex, CM3

County: Essex

District: Chelmsford

Civil Parish: Danbury

Built-Up Area: Danbury

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Summary


First World War memorial, 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

First World War memorial, 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

MATERIALS: Portland stone, bronze.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial is located on Elm Green at the junction of Elm Green Lane and Bell Hill. The memorial consists of a c 7.3m high Portland stone Latin cross rising from an octagonal plinth on a four-stepped base. A bronze Sword of Sacrifice is fixed to the south face of the cross.

The south face of the plinth bears the incised inscription IN/ THANFULNESS/ TO GOD/ AND IN MEMORY/ OF THE MEN OF/ DANBURY/ WHO FELL IN/ THE GREAT WAR/ MDCCCCXIV/ MDCCCCXVII. The names of the 24 First World War fallen are recorded on the north, east and west faces of the plinth. The south-west face of the plinth reads (7 NAMES)/ 1939 while the south-east face reads (7 NAMES)/ 1945.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at Danbury as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by 24 members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

Danbury War Memorial was unveiled on 31 July 1920 by Field Marshal Sir WR Robertson. It was built to the Cross of Sacrifice design which was devised in 1919 by Sir Reginald Blomfield (1856-1942) for war cemeteries abroad, although it was also widely adopted in Britain.

Reasons for Listing

Danbury War Memorial, which stands on Elm Green, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:

* as an elegant and striking Portland stone cross.

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