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Croglin War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Ainstable, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.8184 / 54°49'6"N

Longitude: -2.6638 / 2°39'49"W

OS Eastings: 357445

OS Northings: 547264

OS Grid: NY574472

Mapcode National: GBR 9DVQ.3J

Mapcode Global: WH91R.14TZ

Plus Code: 9C6VR89P+9F

Entry Name: Croglin War Memorial

Listing Date: 4 January 2019

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1461621

Location: Ainstable, Eden, Cumbria, CA4

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Ainstable

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria


First World War memorial 1921 to designs of J H Martindale of Carlisle, built by Messrs J & R Bell. Second World War additions.


First World War memorial 1921 to designs of J H Martindale of Carlisle, built by Messrs J & R Bell. Second World War additions.

MATERIALS: sandstone

DESCRIPTION: the memorial is situated within a churchyard immediately outside the church porch, and takes the form of a Celtic cross. The tapered cross-shaft surmounts a substantial, roughly-hewn stone cross base. The face and sides of the cross-shaft are extensively decorated with celtic knot motifs. The inscription of incised lettering is carved into the front of the base on a tablet set at an angle. It reads


The Second World War addition is inscribed on a narrow tablet, also set at an angle, on the right side of the base and reads

(NAME) /1939-1945.


The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England, both as a result of the huge impact the loss of three quarters of a million British lives had on communities and the official policy of not repatriating the dead, which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

Croglin War Memorial was erected in 1921 in the churchyard of the Church of St John the Baptist (Grade II; National Heritage List for England: 1144838). The memorial was designed by J H Martindale of Carlisle, a known local architect. It was unveiled on 31 January 1921 at a ceremony attended by Captain R S Newton MC (Lancashire Fusiliers & Signal Service RE) son of the rector. It was dedicated the same day by Revd A S Newton, Rector.

Reasons for Listing

Croglin War Memorial, erected 1921, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:

* a well-crafted design by a known local architect, in the form of a Celtic cross executed in local sandstone upon a substantial roughly-hewn cross base.

Group value:

* it benefits from a spatial group value with the adjacent Grade II-listed Church of St John the Baptist.

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