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Oxenfoord Viaduct

A Category A Listed Building in Midlothian East, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8795 / 55°52'46"N

Longitude: -2.9794 / 2°58'45"W

OS Eastings: 338822

OS Northings: 665580

OS Grid: NT388655

Mapcode National: GBR 70MG.R6

Mapcode Global: WH7V7.6HH2

Entry Name: Oxenfoord Viaduct

Listing Date: 22 January 1971

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 331189

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB769

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Cranston

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian East

Parish: Cranston

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Description

Robert Adam and Alexander Stevens, circa 1783. Castellated bridge comprising 3 semi-circular arches. Polished sandstone ashlar block work and coping.

NE ANS SW (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATIONS: higher central arch on piers, smaller arch flanking: rusticated ashlar voussoirs and abutments, impost course; projecting crenellated parapet on dentil course; projecting pilaster abutments flanking; blank curved wing walls: parapet course leading to plain parapet with splayed coping and polygonal terminals.

Statement of Interest

Part of an A Group with Oxenfoord Castle and Lodges. Carries the drive to the castle over a steep ravine. Sir John Dalrymple felt a bridge would benfit the park's romantic sensabilties, and had written to the poet William Shenstone in 1760 about this idea. Later, Alexander Stevens, a well-known bridge builder, submitted plans and an estimate of £180 1s 2d in April 1782. The proposed plan was for a bridge with a plain parapet and a higher central span, although this was never realised. A revised plan was submitted in 1783, and is stylistically similar to the work Robert Adam had carried out on the main house. Adam and Stevens had worked together previously on Ayr Bridge.

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