History in Structure

Walled Garden, Camis Eskan House

A Category C Listed Building in Cardross, Argyll and Bute

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Latitude: 55.9948 / 55°59'41"N

Longitude: -4.696 / 4°41'45"W

OS Eastings: 231950

OS Northings: 681261

OS Grid: NS319812

Mapcode National: GBR 0G.V70P

Mapcode Global: WH2M4.VL05

Plus Code: 9C7QX8V3+WJ

Entry Name: Walled Garden, Camis Eskan House

Listing Name: Colgrain, Camis Eskan, Walled Garden

Listing Date: 1 May 1979

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 331673

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB1175

Building Class: Cultural

ID on this website: 200331673

Location: Cardross

County: Argyll and Bute

Electoral Ward: Helensburgh and Lomond South

Parish: Cardross

Traditional County: Dunbartonshire

Tagged with: Walled garden

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A large 18th or early 19th century, rectangular-plan walled garden, located to the south of Camis Eskan House (LB1169) and measuring around 60 metres by 50 metres. The walled garden has a notably high rubble wall with harl-pointing, droved ashlar quoins and dressed margins, and ashlar slab coping. There are the remains of stone lean-to service structures against the inner south wall, and the foundations of former glasshouses adjoining the outer south wall.

The walled garden at Camis Eskan first appears on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map (surveyed 1860, published 1862) in the same rectangular footprint as exists today (2022). Its method of construction and its masonry detailing are indicative of an 18th century date, particularly the style of droved ashlar dressings and corner-angle quoins. The internal lean-to structures and the external glasshouses have been ruinous since at least 1979, when the Camis Eskan House, Dovecot, Lodge and Walled Garden were first listed (LB1169, LB1167, LB1138, LB1175).

Statement of Interest

In our current state of knowledge, we find that the building meets the criteria for listing for the following reasons:

Walled gardens are an important yet common ancillary structure of high-status country houses or smaller houses within substantial landholdings. Surviving examples range in date from the 16th to the 20th centuries, with the majority dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. The walled kitchen and fruit garden was particularly important in Scotland where a harsh climate and unfavourable growing conditions prevailed. Hardy crops were generally grown in the open areas of the garden, fruit trees trained up the walls, and heated glasshouses were used to grow more delicate and exotic produce. By the early 19th century walled gardens were increasingly located further away from the house as was previously common when defensive nature of buildings was still a consideration. The construction of walled gardens declined after the Second World War as produce became more accessible through imports.

External Links

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