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Woodhead Farmhouse and Steading Including Boundary Walls

A Category B Listed Building in Culross, Fife

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.0614 / 56°3'40"N

Longitude: -3.6088 / 3°36'31"W

OS Eastings: 299923

OS Northings: 686556

OS Grid: NS999865

Mapcode National: GBR 1R.Q577

Mapcode Global: WH5QP.JXR5

Entry Name: Woodhead Farmhouse and Steading Including Boundary Walls

Listing Date: 20 June 1972

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 334383

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB3361

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Culross

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: West Fife and Coastal Villages

Parish: Culross

Traditional County: Fife

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Description

FARMHOUSE: Early 19th century 2-storey 3-bay Gothick farmhouse. Harled and painted with possibly later decorative flintstone dressings. Columned portico, pointed arch window openings. Piended roof. Later alterations and additions.

S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central Doric tetrastyle ashlar portico in antis with 4-panel door with semicircular fanlight above flanked by pair of pointed arch windows. Above, quatrefoil window. At outer bays, 1-bay 2-storey sections with pointed arch windows. Long and short flintstone dressings to quoins, window and door margins and framing portico. Further scalloped flintstone to eaves band course.

W ELEVATION: single bay with angle and eaves ashlar margins. Blind pointed windows to ground and 1st floor with flintstone dressings.

E ELEVATION: mirror image of W elevation.

N ELEVATION: large advanced section dominated by later 4-bay box dormer addition. Ashlar angle margins, skews and scrolled skewputts, 1-bay re-entrant angle to left and right. Further low narrower single storey 3-bay advanced section with scrolled skewputts and entrance door to left.

Y-tracery glazing to timber sash and case windows on S elevation, 5-panes over 6-panes to outer bays, 5-panes over 4 to those flanking entrance doorway. Simple Y-tracery to fanlight. Stylised 4-pointed star tracery to quatrefoil. Plain rectangular window openings to N elevation with modern windows. Grey slates. Pair of corniced stone ridge stacks.

INTERIOR: not seen (2004).

STEADING: Early 19th century, single storey and 2-storey originally square plan with courtyard substantial classical steading. Loosely coursed sandstone rubble with door and window margins with droved long and short dressings. Later alterations and additions.

EXTERNAL:

N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central 1-stage gabled entrance tower with quoin strips and band courses and apex stone. High segmental arched pend. Presumably dovecot housed in upper stage. To left, advanced low monopitch pantiled 4-bay former implement shed, now part-blocked as animal pens. To right, long projecting wing set at right angles, altered at wallhead with added brick courses.

E ELEVATION: now 5-bay with irregular openings. Evidence of blocked openings.

S ELEVATION: simple central entrance opening, to left low monopitch roof dilapidated addition. Painted white with badly deteriorated harl underneath.

W ELEVATION: obscured by large modern painted metal shed.

COURTYARD:

N ELEVATION: central pend tower (as for N external elevation) flanked by originally 3-bay sections, some openings now blocked. Outer 2 bays to right painted grey.

E ELEVATION: now 3-bay with blocked openings and alterations. Painted grey.

S ELEVATION: central simple entrance, 3 bays to left, upper outer bay with blocked opening. To right, originally 2 bays, outer bay openings now blocked.

W ELEVATION: 5-bay.

Some fixed light 9-pane timber windows, those on external elevations predominantly in poor repair. Rooflights. Timber boarded openings and doors. Grey slates. Near-central ridge stack to S.

INTERIOR: partly seen (2004). Wing to E, now single large space with timber roof.

BOUNDARY WALLS: rubble coped wall to SE springing from steading with doorway adjacent to steading. To N, short isolated L-shaped section of rubble coped wall with square pier with square cap to far N.

Statement of Interest

An unusual and picturesque early 19th century farmhouse and associated classical steading with an impressive gabled entrance pend now closely surrounded by modern housing. The 1st edition Ordnance Survey Map shows a further courtyard range of buildings to the N on a site now occupied by housing.

It is not clear if the flintstone dressings (a particularly rare feature) were part of the original scheme or added later. The dressings added to the blank end elevations do not appear to relate to earlier window openings and were probably intended to add to the romantic Gothick effect, especially when viewed from a distance.

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