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Hermitage Bridge

A Category C Listed Building in Hawick and Hermitage, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.1979 / 55°11'52"N

Longitude: -2.7934 / 2°47'36"W

OS Eastings: 349594

OS Northings: 589574

OS Grid: NY495895

Mapcode National: GBR 88YB.1J

Mapcode Global: WH7YM.2M23

Entry Name: Hermitage Bridge

Listing Date: 7 November 2007

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 335499

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB4260

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Castleton

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Hawick and Hermitage

Parish: Castleton

Traditional County: Roxburghshire

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Newcastleton

Description

John and Thomas Smith of Darnick, 1832. 2 uneven segmental arches spanning Hermitage Water with central rounded cutwaters, circular end piers and splayed wing walls to W. Squared yellow sandstone rubble with dressed red sandstone voussoirs and bull-faced sandstone central pier. Ashlar-coped parapet.

Statement of Interest

A well-preserved, prominent, and notable example of the work of John and Thomas Smith of Darnick, using their pioneering economical method of whinstone rubble arch construction. The bridge is situated on the main road (B6357) from Newcastleton to Jedburgh. It was built for the Fifth Duke of Buccleuch.

John (1782-1864) and Thomas Smith (1785-1857) were the younger sons of John Smith, a mason and builder from Darnick (near Melrose). Intelligent and enterprising, they worked as architect-builders for a large number of projects in the Borders during the first half of the 19th century. They pioneered whinstone rubble arch construction without the use of ashlar and published a paper on this subject in the first volume of the RIBA Transactions. They built a number of bridges using this method, of which Hermitage Bridge is a good example.

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