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Kinellar, Tertowie House Including Terraced Wall, Bridge, Memorial Stone and Gatepiers

A Category B Listed Building in Kinellar, Aberdeenshire

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Latitude: 57.1821 / 57°10'55"N

Longitude: -2.2962 / 2°17'46"W

OS Eastings: 382191

OS Northings: 810176

OS Grid: NJ821101

Mapcode National: GBR XD.V8YC

Mapcode Global: WH8P9.PRR0

Entry Name: Kinellar, Tertowie House Including Terraced Wall, Bridge, Memorial Stone and Gatepiers

Listing Date: 11 September 1984

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 341373

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB9119

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Kinellar

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: East Garioch

Parish: Kinellar

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire

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16th century house, reworked by James Matthews, 1867; NE baronial wing by Dr William Kelly, 1905; classrooms and gymnasium added at W in 1960s. Tall 2-storey and attic, crowstepped tower house with conical-roofed corbelled bartizan and some vaulted interior passages; low link section over paired segmental-arched cart entrance adjoining single storey, raised basement and attic wing. Harled with granite dressings and quoin strips. Ashlar base course (on rubble to S), bull-faced to raised basement at NE; eaves course. Segmental-arched doorway. Stone-pedimented dormerheads with fleur-de-lis and thistle finials; stone transoms and mullions.

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 3 earlier bays to left comprising crowstepped gable at outer left with bipartite window at ground, heraldic panel at 1st floor and single window in gablehead; set-back bays to right with full-width entrance porch in re-entrant angle incorporating segmental-headed doorway with deep-set 2-leaf panelled timber door at left and bipartite window at right, all under deep blocking course, 2 windows to set-back face above giving way to 2 pedimented dormer windows each with carved detail to tympanum, that to left with initials 'LC/WRK' and that to right with thistle in laurel wreath. Lower set-back link section to right with transomed stair window under crowstepped half gable at left and paired arches under small bipartites at right. 1905 wing to outer right with bartizan at outer left, 3 fenestrated bays below pedimented dormers at centre and round tower to outer right.

S (GARDEN) ELEVATION: regularly-fenestrated 3-bay elevation with crowstepped gable at left, this with additional gablehead window, small dormer window (with rose on pediment) rising from eaves at right, and corbelled bartizan at outer right angle. 1960s stair tower set-back at outer left and partly obscuring 3 early bays behind, these with regular fenestration, 1st floor windows breaking eaves into dormerheads incorporating relief carved detail (see Notes), and moulded with initials 'W, R, K, L' between centre and right bays. Further narrow link bay projecting at outer right with window to each floor of return, that to 1st floor breaking eaves into semicircular-pedimented barrel dormer window. Ball-finialled crowstepped gable on return to left with low 1960s wing projecting at outer left.

Largely small-pane glazing pattern in timber sash and case windows; stair window with heraldic detail to top lights and coloured margins; casement windows to link. Grey slates. Coped harled stacks with some cans. Ashlar-coped skews with skewputts.

INTERIOR: moulded cornices and compartmented (stylised strapwork) ceilings; timber fire surrounds, panelled dadoes, shutters and architraved doors. Large stairhall with broad segmental timber arches and keystoned stone fireplace; well-detailed library with panelled dado, shutters, fireplace and compartmented ceiling with heraldic panels. Timber dog-leg staircase with turned balusters and ball-finialled square newels. Vaulted panelled link passage leading to hall with segmental-arched inglenook incorporating stone fireplace with timber overmantel and flanking timber-lined lights. Vaulted passages and roundheaded doors to attic floor of early wing.

TERRACED WALL, BRIDGE AND MEMORIAL STONE: garden elevation overlooks ha-ha type flat-coped squared rubble terrace wall with ball finials flanking short flight of stone steps at right; buttresses at centre probably formerly also flanking steps. Single segmental arched granite road bridge with voussoired arch and partly stepped ball-finialled flat-coped parapets. Queen Victoria's Memorial stone (broken at top right) (to E of house) with incised 'VR 1887'.

GATEPIERS: pair of tall circular pinnacled ashlar gatepiers.

Statement of Interest

Tertowie is of special interest on historical grounds, for its estate, its evolution and for the interest and quality of much of the interior. The house lies in an A-Group with Walled Garden, Stable Courtyard and Nuclear Bunker. The small estate of Tertowie with its fine early house reworked by Aberdeen architect James Matthew has, exceptionally, remained as a single entity through a number of changes of ownership which culminated in conversion to residential and agricultural premises for Aberdeen University in the twentieth century. Matthews worked on a number of important Aberdeen buildings including the Grammar School (1861), St Machar's Cathedral (1867) and Advocates Hall (1869). The small group at Tertowie is set in a fine designed landscape and which includes terraced formal garden with ornamental bridge immediately South of the house, walled garden to the East and stable courtyard to the Northeast. The addition of a nuclear bunker (to the West) in the 1960s further contributes to the overall interest of the property.

I was the home of the King family, several of whom enjoyed distinguished military careers, and is connected with Archbishop William King of Dublin. Their ancestors came from Barra Castle, having held that property since the 13th Century. The family coat of arms incorporates a symbol which appears to be a musical note and can be seen on the principal elevation, in the coloured glass stair window and standing alone on a small crowstepped gablehead to the N elevation. Another symbol which appears on both dormer windowheads and coloured glass coat of arms resembles an axehead or cojoined leg or symbol somewhat like that of the Isle of Man. By 1845 Tartowie, presumably an alternative spelling, was in the ownership or rental of Dr Ewing, with a 'valued rent' of 'L84, 13s 4d'. Another family name connected with Tartowie, Aberdeen is that of 'Littlejohn'. John Bain Littlejohn, son of John Bain Littlejohn and Jane Robinson, was born here on 29.11.1859.

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