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Inchkeith Island, Batteries

A Category B Listed Building in Kinghorn, Fife

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.0297 / 56°1'47"N

Longitude: -3.1338 / 3°8'1"W

OS Eastings: 329440

OS Northings: 682450

OS Grid: NT294824

Mapcode National: GBR 2B.S3X1

Mapcode Global: WH6S7.TPXW

Entry Name: Inchkeith Island, Batteries

Listing Date: 3 August 1979

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 342006

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB9709

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Kinghorn

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: Burntisland, Kinghorn and Western Kirkcaldy

Parish: Kinghorn

Traditional County: Fife

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Kinghorn

Description

1878-81. 3 polygonal batteries, protected by ditches, on NW and S headlands. Rubble external walls with barbettes, partly subterranean. Massive casemates and magazines, some lined with brick, at rear of gun-platforms. No 1 (NW) and No 3 (S) batteries are dated 1880; they are less altered than No 2 (NE) Battery. Later gun emplacements built in both world wars.

Statement of Interest

Scheduled Ancient Monument. Built to protect the port of Leith. Plans were prepared by Colonel John Terbury Moggridge but based upon sketches made some 20 years earlier. The contractors were Messrs Hill & Co who had built the powerful fortifications at Portsmouth and Spithead. The three batteries are connected by a military road. The batteries mounted four 18 ton guns. To support them a battery with two 18 ton guns was erected at Kinghorn Ness, 2 3/4 miles to NW, but nothing survives of this. Guns in the NW and NE batteries were mounted on a platform which revolved on a concrete floor, and that in the S battery on a granite floor. Inchkeith Lighthouse (1803-4) and Lord Herbert of Lea's Memorial are listed separately.

Re-scheduled area 14 February 2002.

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