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A Category A Listed Building in Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 54.6894 / 54°41'21"N

Longitude: -4.4185 / 4°25'6"W

OS Eastings: 244205

OS Northings: 535389

OS Grid: NX442353

Mapcode National: GBR HJG9.W7Z

Mapcode Global: WH3VT.3D6D

Plus Code: 9C6QMHQJ+QH

Entry Name: Tonderghie

Listing Name: Tonderghie Steadings

Listing Date: 20 July 1972

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 353571

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB19249

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Whithorn

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Mid Galloway and Wigtown West

Parish: Whithorn

Traditional County: Wigtownshire

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Isle of Whithorn


Earlier 19th century. Planned farm steading with 4 ranges of buildings laid out around a central square courtyard, the steading is remarkable for the presence of an almost complete horse-powered threshing machine. STEADING: single storey and loft buildings, rubble walling with polished red sandstone margins and quoins to main E front. Ranges to S and W roofless and walls becoming derelict. Circular horse engine house to NE adjoining threshing barn. E RANGE: symmetrical 7-bay show front. Taller advanced centre bay has near flat-arch pend to ground with red sandstone voussoirs. Above this a pyramid roofed dovecot with round-arched opening to E. The outer bays have rubble voussoired, depressed-arch cart entrances, 2 windows to inner bays, sash and case with 12-pane glazing. 2 door lead from pend to stables, that to right for working horses, that to left with 3 stalls for carriage horses, a curved and shaped timber-lined roof and hay chute trapdoor. Next to the carriage horse stable is a harness room with small fireplace. Hay loft runs whole length of E range.

N RANGE: most of this range is occupied by the taller 2-storey threshing barn with straw house to W. The E portion of the range has a small byre or store. Projecting from the N face of this range is a circular horse engine house, rubble-built and with most of its original openings blocked in rubble. Conical slate roofs. Internally the upright shaft with harness shafts have been removed but the gear train and drive shaft are in place. The drive shaft connects to a virtually complete roller feed threshing machine, only the fanner unit is missing. The straw house is located to the W and the ground floor access from it to the threshing barn has been recently (1988) blocked in breeze block.

S AND W RANGES: formerly byres, probably loose byres. Roofless but mainly complete to wallhead. Single storey, depressed-arch openings, that to W range was originally another pend, blocked by 1894. Footings of a drystone dyke enclosing the S part of the courtyard (presumably as a cattle court) can be seen.

Statement of Interest

Tonderghie preserves many interesting agricultural features. The horse powered threshing machine is one of the most complete examples in Scotland. Located a few hundred metres to the NE are the remains of a hand threshing barn (not included in current listings) with characteristic wide opposing doors, triangular ventilators and raised stack yard, probably part of the 18 century predecessor to the improved Tonderghie steading.

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