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Latitude: 55.942 / 55°56'31"N
Longitude: -3.1486 / 3°8'55"W
OS Eastings: 328353
OS Northings: 672698
OS Grid: NT283726
Mapcode National: GBR 8YK.QG
Mapcode Global: WH6SM.LXW5
Entry Name: Sheep Heid Inn, 43-47 (Odd Nos) the Causeway, Edinburgh
Listing Date: 12 December 1974
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 370840
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB30077
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: Craigentinny/Duddingston
Traditional County: Midlothian
Mid 19th century with earlier fabric, 1880 skittle alley; alterations circa 1900, early 20th century and 1937-38. 2-storey, 3-bay, roughly L-plan, classical gabled public house on corner site. Harled with raised ashlar margins. Base course. Regular fenestration in 3 bays at 1st floor. Ionic pilastraded public house front to principal elevation with pulvinated fascia frieze, two 2-leaf timber panelled entrance doors; recessed bow window to right. Bowed stair to rear elevation and skittle alley across yard. Small pane fixed light glazing to ground floor. Small-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows to 1st floor. Grey slate roof. Ashlar coped skews. Ashlar coped stacks.
INTERIOR: Three quarter height timber panelling in main room and timber dado in room to left. Curved timber-panelled U-shaped bar counter with slim columns and decorative frieze supporting overhanging counter top. Low gantry with columns and deeply moulded frieze. Part-glazed timber screens to main rooms. Turnpike stair at rear. SKITTLE ALLEY: single storey gabled building. Timber gravity ramp for returning balls.
The Sheep Heid Inn is situated in a prominent position on The Causeway and is an important element in the Duddingston villagescape. It has a good public house elevationt with crisp Classical details which dates from about 1900. It is also of considerable historic interest.
The core of the building appears to be 18th century. Although the interior has been subject to numerous alterations and refittings, the external appearance has survived with little change to its overall character. The inn originally consisted of the block facing north and the south leg which was a house and two cottages, the latter two being recast in the early 20th century.
The skittle alley is one of the earliest in the country and although the present building dates from 1880, it is thought that an earlier alley stood on the site. The history of the game of skittles can be traced back to the ancient Egyptians however organised skittles played indoors was formalised towards the end of the nineteenth century with club constitutions being drawn up and an Amateur Skittles Association being formed in the UK.
Internally the bar with its unusual free-standing columns is Edwardian. The gantry was altered in the late 1930s to accommodate the mirrors above though parts of it may have been retained from an earlier fitting. The room to the left was originally two snugs.
The history of the pub dates back to 1360 when the first inn on this site is recorded and it may thus be the oldest licensed premises in the country. The name is thought to be derived from the ram's head snuff box presented to the proprietor of the inn by King James VI in gratitude for providing refreshments when he travelled between Craigmillar Castle and Holyrood Palace. (This snuff box was auctioned in the 19th century when it was acquired by the Earl of Rosebery). During the 19th century a number of eminent literary figures frequented the pub, including Sir Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson while a number of clubs and organisations such as The Royal Company of Archers, the City Sheriffs and the local regiments used it as a gathering place. The Trotters Club of which many late 19th and early 20th century literary and artistic figures were members, has met here and played skittles since the foundation of the club in 1882.
List description updated as part of the Public Houses Thematic Study 2007-08; further updates to list description as part of the sporting buildings thematic study (2012-13).
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