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Walled Garden With Glasshouses And Sunken Garden, Marchmont House

A Category B Listed Building in Polwarth, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7286 / 55°43'42"N

Longitude: -2.4082 / 2°24'29"W

OS Eastings: 374463

OS Northings: 648428

OS Grid: NT744484

Mapcode National: GBR C2M6.F9

Mapcode Global: WH8XD.Z8FQ

Plus Code: 9C7VPHHR+CP

Entry Name: Walled Garden With Glasshouses And Sunken Garden, Marchmont House

Listing Name: Marchmont Estate, Walled Garden Including Greenhouses, Potting Sheds and Outer Garden

Listing Date: 16 August 1999

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 393599

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB46326

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Polwarth

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Mid Berwickshire

Parish: Polwarth

Traditional County: Berwickshire

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Description

Probably earlier 19th century with later alterations. Rectangular-plan walled garden (approximated 8,400m?) with greenhouses and potting sheds to NE; potting sheds and further irregular-plan outer walled garden adjoined to W (approximately 700m?). Tall, coped walls with red brick inner linings to NW and NE; harl-pointed rubble walls to both elevations to SW; lower wall to SE (missing in part). Cream sandstone ashlar door surrounds; boarded timber doors; carved coat-of-arms set above NW door; inscribed sandstone plaque above NE door. Little remains of original layout.

GREENHOUSES: 5-bay, symmetrical range of late 19th century greenhouses adjoining inner elevation NE wall with gabled projections facing SW. INTERIORS: original work benches; decorative floor grills; plain iron brackets; levers to open ridge vents in place.

POTTING SHED TO NW: single storey, mono-pitched potting shed adjoining outer elevation to NW. Squared and snecked tooled sandstone rubble; tooled dressings. Boarded timber door off-set to left of centre; flanking single windows. Grey slate roof; small rooflights. Pantile roof to timber addition to right. POTTING SHED TO NE: single storey, mono-pitched shed adjoining outer elevation to NE. Red brick; boarded timber doors; small-pane windows. Gabled greenhouse adjoined to left; mono-pitched projection to outer left. Grey slate roof to right; modern roofing material to outer left.

OUTER GARDEN: narrow, near rectangular-plan garden adjoining W corner. Tall, predominantly harl-pointed rubble walls (red brick inner lining to NE corner); no wall to SW. Modern gates.

Statement of Interest

B Group comprises Marchmont House, Adam Bridge, the Cottages near the Remains of Redbraes Castle, the Dovecot, Gamekeeper's Cottage, Ice House, The Kennel House, 1 & 2 Marchmont Estate Cottages, Redbraes, Stable Courtyard and the Walled Garden (see separate list entries). An impressive walled garden set to the SE of Marchmont House. The much-weathered plaque above the NE door, said to be dated 1712, was originally set in Greenlaw court house (demolished 1830). Inscribed in Latin, the plaque records how Patrick Hume, Earl of Marchmont, had the court house "...built at his own expense" following the restoration of Greenlaw as Berwickshire's head burgh in 1696. Although little remains of the garden's original layout, box hedges still define the central path. Garden ornaments, including fountain, removed late 20th century.

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