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Latitude: 56.0067 / 56°0'24"N
Longitude: -3.6326 / 3°37'57"W
OS Eastings: 298293
OS Northings: 680506
OS Grid: NS982805
Mapcode National: GBR 1Q.TKWB
Mapcode Global: WH5R2.59F1
Plus Code: 9C8R2948+MW
Entry Name: Walled Garden, Kinneil House, Kinneil
Listing Name: Kinneil, Kinneil House, Walled Garden
Listing Date: 23 March 2006
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 398566
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB50492
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: Bo'ness and Blackness
Traditional County: West Lothian
The walls in the northwest corner have some worked stonework, including larger, roughly squared blocks (some with chamfered edges) indicating former lintels or jambs for openings. There is a short section of wall projecting north from the corner to a square-plan pier.
Part of an A-group with Kinneil House, 2 and 4,5, 6-8 Duchess Anne Cottages, Kinneil House bridge.
Kinneil Walled Garden is an important survival for its relatively early date and for its completeness. Its functional relationship and historical association with Kinneil House are also of special interest. As an important and once-vital part of the Kinneil Estate, the walled garden would have supplied vegetables, fruit and flowers. Part of the garden to the northeast now forms the gardens for Nos 6-8 Duchess Anne Cottages (see separate listings).
The worked stone in the northwest corner has likely come from an earlier (pre-16th century) structure, but its provenance is presently unknown. An archaeological report written after excavation work in 2018 states that the northwest corner of the walled garden, including a short section of wall projecting north from the corner to a square-plan pier, predates the late 16th / 17th century walled garden. The report suggests that this may be the remains of the 15th century stronghold of the Hamilton family known as 'Craig Lyon'.
Kenneil Walled Garden is located within the Antonine Wall World Heritage Site Buffer Zone.
Walled gardens are important yet common surviving ancillaries of high-status country houses or smaller houses within substantial landholdings. Surviving examples range in date from the 16th to the 20th centuries, with the majority dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. The walled kitchen garden was particularly important in Scotland where a harsh climate and unfavourable growing conditions prevailed.
Listed building record revised in 2020.
Other nearby listed buildings