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Walled Garden, Kinneil House, Kinneil

A Category C Listed Building in Bo'Ness, Falkirk

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Latitude: 56.0067 / 56°0'24"N

Longitude: -3.6326 / 3°37'57"W

OS Eastings: 298293

OS Northings: 680506

OS Grid: NS982805

Mapcode National: GBR 1Q.TKWB

Mapcode Global: WH5R2.59F1

Plus Code: 9C8R2948+MW

Entry Name: Walled Garden, Kinneil House, Kinneil

Listing Name: Kinneil, Kinneil House, Walled Garden

Listing Date: 23 March 2006

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 398566

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB50492

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Bo'Ness

County: Falkirk

Town: Bo'Ness

Electoral Ward: Bo'ness and Blackness

Traditional County: West Lothian

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Late 16th/ 17th century large (approximately 100m x 100m) square plan walled garden. High rubble walls with steeply pitched stone coping. Entrance in east side with two further openings in south side. That to left with later slightly advanced rubble piers, and that to right is pedestrian chamfered entrance with long and short dressings, now blocked.

The walls in the northwest corner have some worked stonework, including larger, roughly squared blocks (some with chamfered edges) indicating former lintels or jambs for openings. There is a short section of wall projecting north from the corner to a square-plan pier.

Statement of Interest

Part of an A-group with Kinneil House, 2 and 4,5, 6-8 Duchess Anne Cottages, Kinneil House bridge.

Kinneil Walled Garden is an important survival for its relatively early date and for its completeness. Its functional relationship and historical association with Kinneil House are also of special interest. As an important and once-vital part of the Kinneil Estate, the walled garden would have supplied vegetables, fruit and flowers. Part of the garden to the northeast now forms the gardens for Nos 6-8 Duchess Anne Cottages (see separate listings).

The worked stone in the northwest corner has likely come from an earlier (pre-16th century) structure, but its provenance is presently unknown. An archaeological report written after excavation work in 2018 states that the northwest corner of the walled garden, including a short section of wall projecting north from the corner to a square-plan pier, predates the late 16th / 17th century walled garden. The report suggests that this may be the remains of the 15th century stronghold of the Hamilton family known as 'Craig Lyon'.

Kenneil Walled Garden is located within the Antonine Wall World Heritage Site Buffer Zone.

Walled gardens are important yet common surviving ancillaries of high-status country houses or smaller houses within substantial landholdings. Surviving examples range in date from the 16th to the 20th centuries, with the majority dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. The walled kitchen garden was particularly important in Scotland where a harsh climate and unfavourable growing conditions prevailed.

Listed building record revised in 2020.

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