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Llangua Bridge

A Grade II Listed Building in Grosmont, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9341 / 51°56'2"N

Longitude: -2.8807 / 2°52'50"W

OS Eastings: 339548

OS Northings: 226538

OS Grid: SO395265

Mapcode National: GBR FC.N82Y

Mapcode Global: VH78Q.0NY6

Entry Name: Llangua Bridge

Listing Date: 9 November 1983

Last Amended: 19 October 2000

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2762

Building Class: Transport

Location: In Llangua over the River Monnow at county boundary between Monmouthshire and Herefordshire, on A465 road some 300m N of Monmouth Cap.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Abergavenny

Community: Grosmont (Y Grysmwnt)

Community: Grosmont

Locality: Llangua

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

Find accommodation in
Ewyas Harold

History

Bridge of c1827 designed by R G Thomas for Abergavenny-Hereford tramroad.
The purpose of this tramroad was to secure regular supplies of cheap coal to Hereford. Before the tramway, coal had to be laboriously transported up the River Wye by barge and navigation was expensive and erratic, particularly at times of winter flooding. By tramroad it was estimated that the price of Welsh coal could be cut by almost half, from 45 to 25 shillings a ton.
The tramway was completed in three stages. The first section (known as the Llanvihangel Railway) linked the Abergavenny and Brecon canal at Llanfoist to Llanvihangel Crucorney and opened on 12 March 1814. The second stage (the Grosmont Railway) continued the line to Llangua and was complete by 1819. Construction of the last section (the Hereford Railway) was delayed by over 5 years, but received a boost in February 1824, with the foundation of the Hereford Gas Company.
On Monday 21 September 1829 the line finally opened. 15 tramloads of coal from Thomas Hill's colliery at Blaenavon arrived in Hereford and 10.5 tons of coal was distributed free amongst the town's poor.

Exterior

Red sandstone rubble with ashlar dressings. Low bridge of four arches with stone voussoirs; smaller outer arches are semi-circular, centre two segmental. E side has splayed centre breakwater which rises to form canted parapet wall. Iron railings to former tramway bridge have been removed to accommodate widened roadway and C20 safety barrier.

Reasons for Listing

Impressively large tramroad bridge of early C19, despite C20 alterations.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Monmouth Cap Farmhouse
    Located at the end of a short farm track on the SW side of the minor road from Llangua to Grosmont, approximately 500m SW of Llangua Bridge.
  • II Shelter Shed at Monmouth Cap
    Some 50m S of Monmouth Cap Farmhouse, reached by a short track off SW side of minor road from Llangua to Grosmont, approximately 600m SW of Llangua Bridge.
  • II Barn at Monmouth Cap
    Located at the end of a short field track on the SW side of the minor road from Llangua to Grosmont, approximately 600m SW of Llangua Bridge.
  • II Cider House and Cowhouse at The Great House
    Attached to N gable of Great House, on steeply sloping ground on E side of minor road, some 500m S of the A465 road junction to Llangua.
  • II* The Great House
    On steeply sloping ground on E side of minor road, some 500m S of the A465 road junction to Llangua.
  • II Field Barn at So 402263
    Kentchurch, County of Herefordshire, HR2
  • II Barn at The Great House
    On steeply sloping ground on E side of minor road, some 500m S of the junction to Llangua on the A465. The barn lies opposite the farmhouse and encloses one side of farmyard.
  • II* Sleath Farmhouse (aka Lech Farmhouse)
    Located at the end of a short farm track which runs W off the minor road from Llangua to Grosmont, approximately 1 km S of Llangua Bridge.

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