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Parish Church of St Illtyd including churchyard walls and gatepiers

A Grade II* Listed Building in Llanelltyd, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7583 / 52°45'29"N

Longitude: -3.9019 / 3°54'6"W

OS Eastings: 271753

OS Northings: 319546

OS Grid: SH717195

Mapcode National: GBR 60.Z6N9

Mapcode Global: WH56H.1X7T

Entry Name: Parish Church of St Illtyd including churchyard walls and gatepiers

Listing Date: 17 June 1966

Last Amended: 20 July 1995

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4737

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Set back slightly from the main road on a slight rise; set within its own circular, walled churchyard.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Llanelltyd (Llanelltud)

Community: Llanelltyd

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Find accommodation in
Llanelltyd

History

Early Christian site associated with St Illtyd (c475-525); the surviving raised, circular churchyard is possibly of this period. The present church is late C15 with subsequent alterations. Restored in 1686 (external date plaque), the church was again refenestrated in the second quarter C18 at which time a N porch was added and also probably 2 domestic-type gabled dormers on the S side, though equally these could relate to the late C17 intervention. Further restoration was carried out in 1899.

Exterior

Long, single-cell church of rubble construction with cyclopean blocks to lower walls; graded slate roof and overlapping coping stones to kneelered gable parapets. That to W has a plain rubble bell-cote with triangular-headed bell opening; gablet above with inscribed date 1834. 4 disengaged corbels beneath bell-cote with initials G H V carved in between. Tall arched window with chamfered reveals and returned label. C18 N porch with arched entrance with dressed stone voussoirs. Flanking C18 arched windows with voussoirs as before and leaded cross-windows with fan glazing to upper section; further, similar window to far L. Immediately to the E of the porch, an inscribed stone set under the eaves; initials RE, OG (for church wardens) and date 1686. Small mid-C19 3-light Perpendicular E window with cusped heads and Tudor arch. C17 rubble S porch with rendered gable face and slate bargeboards; C20 wooden doors with coloured leads to top light. 3 arched C18 windows to S side as before and 2 rubble gabled dormers, coped and kneelered and with square-headed leaded casements.

Rubble churchyard walls with C19 slate-coping. These curveinwards opposite the S porch and terminate in tall, early C19gatepiers of ashlar with pyramidal capping and plain cornices. Early C20 gates and hoop-suspended light.

Interior

6-bay interior with no division between nave and chancel. Late C15 arch-braced collar truss roof with half-round moulding to trusses, trenched, chamfered purlins and 2 tiers of cusped, chamfered windbraces. Early C18 dado panelling to walls, made up out of box pews and repositioned during the 1899 restoration. C17 2-bay collar truss roof to S porch containing a repositioned early Medieval plain, cylindrical font. Late C15 oak plank door to chamfered Tudor-arched entrance with original chevron decorated hinges; contemporary blind applied tracery-heads relating to chamfered shafts applied to form 3 fields, the latter C19 replacements. Similar arched N entrance with studded oak door inscribed on reverse IR RR 1779 (for church wardens). Plain Victorian tiled floor and oak pews; plain, contemporary octagonal font. The bowl of a small, loose octagonal font survives bearing the date 1689. At the W end a large hatchment to Sir Robert Vaughan of Nannau, the third baronet (d.1859). Early Medieval inscribed stone with carved foot print and dedication to Kenyrick, a pilgrim. Tall W window with stained glass panel of St Illtyd commemorating the return of captain Henry Romer Lee from the Boer War. On the S wall, a marble mural monument to Sir Robert Howel Vaughan of Hengwrt and Nannau, Bart., d.1792. 1899 octagonal oak pulpit re-using late C15-late C17 screen and box pew panels, the earlier with pierced tracery, the later with lozenge decoration; octagonal domed sounding board. Further, similar panels to E wall including some dated 1692 and with initials RNM. Late C17 barley-twist oak altar rails. Perpendicular style C19 crucifixion group stained glass to E window. There is a number of small engraved brass plaques to the walls, chiefly early C19.

Reasons for Listing

Graded II* as a late Medieval church retaining much of its historic character and with the special interest of its C18 vernacular porch and fenestration.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Bryn
    Located immediately to the S of St. Illtyd's parish church andabutting its churchyard revetment wall; accessed via tracks to therear of the church, leading from the A 470.
  • II Tynllan
    Located immediately to the S of St. Illtyd's parish church andabutting its churchyard revetment wall; accessed via tracks to therear of the church, leading from the A 470.
  • II Tan Llan
    Situated at the eastern extremity of Llanelltyd village some 50mSE of the main road; sited against the gentle slope of the hill and accessed via a metalled drive leading E from the church lane.
  • II The Toll House
    Situated prominently at the junction between the A 470 and the old road to Dolgellau via Llanelltyd bridge.
  • II Coach House and Stable Block at Tan Llan
    Located immediately NE of Tan Llan.
  • II Awelon
    Set back slightly at the junction of the A 496 and the A 470 onthe N side of the old Barmouth road; raised up on a rubble-walled terrace reached by slate steps.
  • II* Pont Llanelltyd
    Spanning the Afon Mawddach 1km SE of Llanelltyd; originally serving the old Dolgellau-Barmouth road and now a foot bridge.
  • II The Old Post Office
    Located on the main Llanelltyd village lane (the former Barmouth road) immediately to the N of the new A496 replacement road.

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