History in Structure

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The Sign

A Grade II Listed Building in Berriew, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5993 / 52°35'57"N

Longitude: -3.2019 / 3°12'6"W

OS Eastings: 318694

OS Northings: 300849

OS Grid: SJ186008

Mapcode National: GBR 9Y.96CQ

Mapcode Global: WH79V.SXHN

Entry Name: The Sign

Listing Date: 21 August 1995

Last Amended: 21 August 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16348

Building Class: Domestic

Location: On an 'island site' in the centre of the village.

County: Powys

Community: Berriew (Aberriw)

Community: Berriew

Built-Up Area: Berriew

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire

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Berriew

History

In 1764, The Sign House was described as 'a large one built of timber, nogged or plaster walls and thatched at the end of which are 6 bays in a ruinous condition to be taken down'. The present row of three houses shows some evidence consistent with this, since the westernmost end (No 3) has interior detail suggesting a C17 date, while the exposed timbering in the eastern end (No 1) is of regular form and possibly late C18 or early C19 date. The thinner scantling timberwork to the exterior of No 3 is probably the result of further remodelling in the mid C19, and the fenestration and other detail (together possibly with the re-ordering of the internal planning) appear to be of this period. It seems likely therefore that the original part of the building is represented by No 3, and may be of C17 date, extended or rebuilt to the E in the later C18, and remodelled by the Vaynor Estate in the mid C19.

Exterior

The row comprises three houses, each of 2-unit plan form: Nos 1 and 3 are each planned about a central entrance, but the original left hand bay of No 1 was later subdivided to extend No 2, and part of the original floor area of No 3 was also incorporated into No 2. No 2 has entrance to the left. The right hand section of the row (No 1 and part of No 2) is exposed box-framing with brick panel infill and a brick plinth. Slate roof with axial brick stack. Symmetrically designed (though asymmetrically divided internally) with central entrance in gabled timber porch with chamfered arched doorway, flanked by 4-light casement windows on each floor to the left, and 2-light casements to the right. The left-hand windows each comprise a pair of 2-light casements, and the property division between Nos 1 and 2 runs between the pairs. Upper windows are in gabled dormers, and the left=hand dormer is a higher gable, with decorative barge-boards. All windows (which appear to be in original openings) have the bracketed canopies associated with the work of the Vaynor Estate. Gable end return has similarly detailed shallow oriel to first floor, and 2-light casement below.

Central bays of the row are rendered (probably also over timber framing - exposed timbering visible in rear wall): low dormer window to the right of the gabled porch, with 2-light casement window on each floor. Similarly arranged 4-light casements to the left of the porch, with higher gabled dormer with decorative barge-boards to first floor.

End bay to left has exposed timber framing of thin scantling, and lower dormer over 2-light casement windows to the left of the gabled porch.

Interior

No 3 retains many elements of its early origins, including 2 deep chamfered and stopped axial beams to principal living room (later subdivided to create entrance lobby and cellar stairs); simple oak dog-leg staircase within the outshut, and oak boarded floors to first floor.

Reasons for Listing

Of considerable interest as a terraced row successively extended and adapted from the original C17 building. It exemplifies the complex patterns of alteration and adaptation which characterised building history on the Vaynor estate, and shows the continuing tradition of timber framing. Prominently sited at the centre of the village.

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