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63 and 65, High Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Brentwood, Essex

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Latitude: 51.6205 / 51°37'13"N

Longitude: 0.3022 / 0°18'7"E

OS Eastings: 559472

OS Northings: 193809

OS Grid: TQ594938

Mapcode National: GBR XN.GW7

Mapcode Global: VHHN3.6J4K

Plus Code: 9F32J8C2+6V

Entry Name: 63 and 65, High Street

Listing Date: 4 May 1971

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1025012

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373459

ID on this website: 101025012

Location: Brentwood, Essex, CM14

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: Brentwood North

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Brentwood

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Brentwood St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

Tagged with: Building

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723-1/12/68 (North side)
04/05/71 Nos.63 AND 65


House now shop. C15, early C16, early C17, C20. Timber-framed
with C20 brick underpinning. C20 clay tile roof. L-plan of 2
storey units. No.65 a long narrow timber range running back
from the street and No.63 parallel to street, to E, only first
floor joists retained in rebuilding of 1973. Both now as one
premises of expanded rectangular plan. S front elevation,
gable end of long range projects in front of range parallel to
street. Ground floor, C20 shop along whole frontage, doorway
under gabled projection. First floor rendered, colourwashed
with parapet, C20 casement windows in gable end and in range
to E.
INTERIOR: early range of No.65: 2 bayed C15 unit on to street
with heavy framing, jowled posts, exterior tension bracing,
probably jettied to street. First floor, crown post roof -
post on central partition truss with 2 way curved bracing, 2
shutter grooves for large window in gable to street. Second
double window existed each side of central post on W side
(shutter grooves for each), one complete with 2 mullions and
the other with 2 mullions cut away.
2 bayed unit, early C16, butted to rear of above unit.
Ground floor cut away, joists still flat sectioned but
employing soffit tenons. First floor, unjowled posts, exterior
tension bracing. S end, adjacent to C15 unit has open framing,
originally with arched bracing, demonstrating construction
intended to continue length of the unit. Queen post, wind
braced side purlin roof, jettied along E side with 2 complete
3 mullioned windows with shutter grooves, on E side, one in
each bay. N end frame has arched bracing suggesting another
bay originally. Range to E early C17, surviving ceiling/floor,
central bridging joist and slender deep section common joists
decorated with chamfer stops of florid version of lamb's
tongue with rear additional V nick.
HISTORICAL NOTE: although unassuming from the street, the
building still retains considerable constructional evidence.
Study of the building by DH Scott, established the earlier
unit to be a cross-wing of a hall, once to the E. Paired
ground-floor service doors were evident each side of the
central post, (all now covered over) also a simple doorway
interpreted as the access from the hall to the stair trap. The
service doors have frames with double hollow chamfers and
heads of depressed four-centred arch form. The central post
exhibits sooting on the E side, implying an open hall,
replaced by storied range. The rear jettied unit was seen to
have 2 ground floor studding gaps beneath the jetty in the S
bay, interpreted as doorways, also a window shutter groove in
the same wall in the N bay. Storage or industrial use was
suggested for this extension to the service cross-wing.
Evidence for shop use for the S ground floor bay in the early
cross-wing to the street was sought but not found.
(Historic Buildings in Essex : Issue 1: Scott DH: No.65 High
Street, Brentwood: 1984-).

Listing NGR: TQ5947293809

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