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Covered Walk at the Pleasaunce

A Grade II* Listed Building in Overstrand, Norfolk

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Latitude: 52.9183 / 52°55'5"N

Longitude: 1.3411 / 1°20'27"E

OS Eastings: 624712

OS Northings: 340882

OS Grid: TG247408

Mapcode National: GBR WDB.3VJ

Mapcode Global: WHMS3.KXT3

Plus Code: 9F43W89R+8C

Entry Name: Covered Walk at the Pleasaunce

Listing Date: 27 September 1972

Last Amended: 22 December 2008

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1049818

English Heritage Legacy ID: 224693

Location: Overstrand, North Norfolk, Norfolk, NR27

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Overstrand

Built-Up Area: Overstrand

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: Overstrand St Martin

Church of England Diocese: Norwich

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1273/8/31 HARBORD ROAD
27-SEP-72 Covered walk at The Pleasaunce


Covered walk. 1897-9. By Sir Edwin Lutyens. Roughcast with tile dressings. Tiled roof. L-shaped in plan. 12 bay north/south range with rough-cast buttresses on low brick plinths; a band of tiles on the buttresses above which the outer face is sloping and tile hung; wooden lintel. Within the walk, alternate pairs of buttresses support semicircular arches with decorative tile keystones. At the northern end of this walk is an octagonal open pavilion with low brick wall supporting stone Doric columns; pyramidal roof, its apex higher than that of the walk. To the southern end of the walk and at right-angles to it is a further range,the northern wall solid, leading to a former bakery and laundry, the southern open with similar buttresses and having arches between them. The western gable of this range has a semicircular headed archway and half-hipped gable beneath the eaves of which a semicircular opening is scooped out, echoing the archway (q.v.The clock tower at the Pleasaunce, item No.8/30).

This group of buildings is a very significant seaside home built from 1897 onwards by Lord and Lady Battersea and designed by one of the most important of all British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens. It follows the development of Cromer, which is only a couple of miles away, as a very fashionable seaside resort in the 1880s and the building of large houses by well-to-do families relishing the bracing air. However, The Pleasaunce is almost certainly the largest: its original name 'The Cottage' was probably for the original house incorporated in the core of the new one. It might have been a joke (the house has some 35 bedrooms), except for what it could be compared with, since Lady Battersea was the eldest daughter of Sir Anthony de Rothschild, of Aston Clinton, Bucks, niece of Mayer Rothschild of Mentmore, and Lionel, the first Jewish MP and granddaughter of Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild, the founder of the London branch of the great banking house. She was thus a cousin of Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, the builder of Waddesdon. Waddesdon was being completed in 1888 at the same time as the Batterseas bought the couple of original villas, linked to form one home. Set alongside Waddesdon and other Rothschild properties, The Pleasuance is perhaps a cottage in comparison. Cyril Flower, created Lord Battersea in 1892, was the son of a wealthy business man with multiple shops in Battersea, a Liberal M.P. and Chief Whip in Gladstone's 1886 Government. Both he and his wife had artistic interests. Indeed Lady Battersea was interested in architecture early on, as, near to her home, Aston Clinton is a former infants school, now listed, built as a present for her on her 16th birthday 'at her own request'. The quality of the Batterseas' pictures inherited by members of the Rothschild family testifies to these artistic interests since they included C16 Italian pictures and a Tiepolo, now at Ascott. The rest of the contents of the house took 12 days to sell in the 1930s after Lady Battersea's death. However, this important commission, that Lutyens received early in his career, had an architectural sting in the tail because the couple insisted that the recently built villas set close together and united as one were not demolished for the new house but incorporated in it. Perhaps this quirky demand was something to do with their philanthropic interests and that they did not wish to be labelled as a couple so rich that they could pull down a couple of houses only a few years old. Whatever the reason, it may have given to Lutyens the concept of a large house evolved over several generations for, in addition to disguising the pre-existing, he added elements which are mid C17, late C17, and early C18 in style, both vernacular and polite, to achieve a very large rambling house which seems endless. Lutyens also built stables, cottages, an amazing open covered walk, a chapel-like place, for writing and contemplation looking out to the sea, for the poetess Emily Lawless, and a gateway in Moorish style, as well as other entrance gates and garden features. There are many imaginative ideas and, as the overall atmosphere is a wonderful seat of pleasure by the sea, The Pleasaunce is well named. Whilst it may not have been of the grandeur of Waddesdon, visitors were of the grandest: Queen Alexandra and her sister, the Empress of Russia, made an unexpected visit in 1911 just driving over from Sandringham, much to the consternation of the staff. Indeed the Royal connection may have helped in getting the 27-year-old Lutyens the commission, for it was in the year of his marriage. His mother-in-law was a Lady-in-Waiting and the Batterseas had bought the house from Lord Suffield who was a friend of the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII. Lady Battersea and Queen Alexandra were probably friends long before 1911, and indeed in 1896 Lutyens had designed The Inn, Roseneath, Dunbartonshire for the sculptress Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, sister of the Prince of Wales. Although the house was virtually complete by August 1898, Lutyens returned to make additions and alterations nearly every year from 1899-1909. Although the Batterseas were not easy clients and Lutyens wrote in 1899 that he was 'not at all proud of the Pleasaunce', this view is from his own perception of perfection. The Batterseas extended the garden and lived on in the house until their deaths, Lord Battersea in 1907 and Lady Battersea in 1931. In 1936 the house was sold and became a Christian charity holiday home and it continues in this use with the house filled with visitors as was always intended. The beautifully tiled kitchens and service areas have still a suitably large batterie-de-cuisine constantly in use!

This is an outstanding elemental work of architecture which was referred to by Lutyens himself as having a roof of 'simple sublimity'. The long series of arches, built of brick with roughcast render and tile dressings which support the roof, have an imaginative reversed arched opening on a smaller diameter above the main arch so that one has a glimpse of the roof in the next bay as well as along. The raised tiling mouldings and tiling keystones are excellent examples of the careful detailing which is typical of Lutyens and the long roof is immensely impressive.

Note. The gardens at The Pleasaunce are included in the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens at grade II.

Laurence Weaver, Houses and Gardens by E.L. Lutyens, 1913.
Mark Girouard, Sweetness and Light-The 'Queen Anne' Movement 1860-1900, 1977,pp.186-192.
Lutyens Exhibition catalogue, 1981, pp.80-2.
Pevsner and Wilson, Buildings of England, 2nd Edn.1997, pp.634-5.
Margaret Richardson, Notes for SAHGB visit, 1991.
Monica E.Sykes, The Pleasaunce, guidebook, 2nd edn.

Listing NGR: TG2471240882

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