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Church of St Mary

A Grade I Listed Building in Ewelme, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.6178 / 51°37'3"N

Longitude: -1.0675 / 1°4'2"W

OS Eastings: 464660

OS Northings: 191405

OS Grid: SU646914

Mapcode National: GBR B28.DY8

Mapcode Global: VHCYJ.GL1P

Entry Name: Church of St Mary

Listing Date: 18 July 1963

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1059360

English Heritage Legacy ID: 247830

Location: Ewelme, South Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire, OX10

County: Oxfordshire

District: South Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Ewelme

Built-Up Area: Benson

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Ewelme

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

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Listing Text

SU6491 (South side)
8/121 Church of St. Mary


Church. Early C14 west tower, rest of c.1432, north porch rebuilt 1832, south
porch repaired 1874. Mixed flint and limestone rubble; banded knapped flint and
ashlar limestone to porch; red brick crenellated parapets to clerestory and
aisles; roof covering not visible. Aisled nave, chancel with chapel to St. John
the Baptist to south, and west tower. Perpendicular style. Porch to right with
Tudor archway, and paired trefoil lancets to left and right returns. C15
double-leaf door with Perpendicular tracery pattern, ribbing and studding to
flattened 2-centre moulded stone arch with quatrefoil carving to spandrels and
hood mould. Water-stoop to left of door. Ribbed wooden roof to porch. Three
3-light stone Perpendicular tracery windows to aisle with diamond-leading and
hood moulds. Stepped buttresses between aisle windows. Seven 2-light
trefoil-topped stone mullion windows to clerestory with hood moulds. Moulded
string-course to clerestory parapet with carved stone faces between windows.
Tower to right has 2-light stone Y-tracery louvred opening to top with hood
mould, crenellated stone parapet. Left return: knapped flint and ashlar
limestone in chequer pattern. 5-light stone Perpendicular tracery window to
chancel. 4-light stone Perpendicular tracery window to chapel at left, 2-light
stone mullioned window with triangular cusped tracery top to vestry at right.
Rear: Open timber frame porch to left of centre of aisle with C15 ribbed and
studded door. Three 3-light stone Perpendicular tracery windows with splayed
reveals and hood moulds. C15 ribbed and studded door to left of chapel, with
quatrefoil carving to spandrels and hood mould. Two 3-light stone perpendicular
tracery windows with splayed reveals and hood moulds to'chapel. Seven 2-light
trefoil-topped stone mullion windows to clerestory with hood moulds. Moulded
string course to clerestory parapet with carved stone faces between the windows.
Tower to left has 2-light stone Y-tracery louvred opening to top with hood
mould; crenellated stone parapet. Interior: Moulded 2-centre arched arcades to
aisles with piers of clustered columns, and carved angels bearing shields to
spandrels, except to south of nave, which has blank shields to the spandrels.
C15 ribbed roof, with feather-bodied angels with out-spread wings to
intersection of beams to chapel roof. Octagonal bowl font with quatrefoil
carving with sheilds to each side, on a base panelled with blind ogee arches.
The spectacular wood cover, presented by John, Duke of Suffolk, after the death
of his mother in 1475, is of 4 tiers of cusped and crocketted arches with figure
of St. Michael at apex; counterpoise is a carved Tudor rose. Chest tomb to
Thomas Chaucer (d.1434), and his wife, Matilda Burghersh (d.1436) with fine
brasses to top and painted coats of arms to sides, in chapel. Alabaster chest
tomb to Alice, Duchess of Suffolk (d.1475), between chapel and chancel with
decorated arched canopy; effigy wearing coronet, robes and Order of the Barter;
angels under canopies to sides; beneath in traceried base, stone cadaver. C15
wood screens, shortened in 1844, restored in 1925. Reredos and altar to chapel
by Sir Ninian Comper, 1902. History: Earlier church, dedicated to All Saints was
rebuilt c.1432 at the expense of the Earl and Countess of Suffolk. The countess
(nee Alice Chaucer) was born in Ewelme in 1409, the daughter of Thomas Chaucer,
the lord of the manor, and grand-daughter of Geoffrey, the poet. She married
William de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk in 1430 (created Duke of Suffolk 1448). He
"for love of his wife and the commodity of her lands felt much to dwell in
Oxfordshire". They rebuilt the church, established the adjoining almshouse and
built the school. The use of brick, in the church parapet and the other
buildings, is one of the earliest in the county.
(Malcolm Airs "Ewelme" Archaelogical Journal, Vol.135, 1978, pp.275-280;
Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, pp.595-600; Guide to St. Marys Church,
Ewelme, and to the Almshouse and the School).

Listing NGR: SU6466491404

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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