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Acland Barton and Chapel

A Grade I Listed Building in Landkey, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0749 / 51°4'29"N

Longitude: -4.0082 / 4°0'29"W

OS Eastings: 259412

OS Northings: 132535

OS Grid: SS594325

Mapcode National: GBR KT.DDG5

Mapcode Global: FRA 26H8.VNY

Entry Name: Acland Barton and Chapel

Listing Date: 25 February 1965

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1107676

English Heritage Legacy ID: 98580

Location: Landkey, North Devon, Devon, EX32

County: Devon

District: North Devon

Civil Parish: Landkey

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Landkey St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text

LANDKEY
SS 53 SE
7/97 Acland Barton and Chapel
25.2.65
GV I

Barton and chapel now store-shed and workshop. C15, both remodelled in 1591.
House altered and extended in late C19. House of roughly coursed stone rubble.
Slate roof, hipped at left end, gable end to right. Tall brick stack with
oversailing courses at left end. Rubble stack with offsets heightened in brick at
right gable end. Chapel of painted cob and stone with stone dressings. Lateral
rubble stack to rear with brick shaft. Slate roof with gable ends. The house has
large hall to right of through-passage; probably formerly open to the roof but
must have been heated by stack, as there is no smoke-blackening to the late C15
roof structure. In 1591 this wing was extended, the through-passage and first
floor probably inserted and a service end added at lower end, now partly converted
to parlour. Possibly in C17 a large right-angled 2-storeyed extension was added to
rear right end, formerly with a hipped end where it joins the main range. In late
C19 a single storey right-angled kitchen extension was added to rear left side
completing 3 sided rear courtyard plan with corrugated roof to outshut to rear of
main range across the length of the courtyard. The right-hand extension has a tall
rendered stack to its inner face and brick stack at gable end of C19 addition. The
chapel sits at right angles to, and adjoining the front left end of the house.
House and chapel both of 2 storeys, the chapel with single rooms of unequal size to
each side of lobby entrance. House has 3-window range, 3-light casement to left
and 2-gabled half dormers to right side with timber lintels. Three 3-light
casements to ground floor with timber lintels which are chamfered to the 2 outer
openings. C20 fenestration throughout except C19 extensions. Massive through-
passage doorway with tiled lean-to roof supported on heavy oak pillars with
chamfered jambs reducing to hollow chamfered surround with 1591 date carved to the
centre of the head of the lintel. 4-centred arch to inner doorway with a cyma
reversa and hollow-moulded surround. Massive 4-plank door with studded nail heads,
old knocker and latch, horizontal planking to inner face.
Chapel has 2-window range of timber mullion windows of three 4-centred arched
lights with moulded surrounds, the 2 outer lights to each window are infilled, the
centre lights with stanchions and saddle bars. 2 ground floor stone mullion
windows with three 4-centred arched lights, left side has had stone hoodmould
replaced with moulded timber lintel, both sides have label stops with fleur-de-lis
and foliated designs. Stanchions and saddle bars to each of the 3 lights. These
flank stone doorway with depressed ogee arch with roll and hollow chamfered
surround, the base of the jambs hollowed outwards to admit cider barrels. Plank
door. To rear upper storey is a timber mullion window with moulded surround of two
4-centred arched lights with stanchions and saddle bars.
Interior of house: 3 shoulder-headed chamfered door surrounds to left of through-
passage, 2 forming pair towards front end and single doorway towards rear set close
to impressive segmental-arched rear through-passage doorway with double chamfered
surround. Panelled screen to hall side of through-passage of 4 sections, each
section 2 panels wide and 3 panels high; 2 sections each side of inserted doorcase
possibly casing in earlier door surround. Hall has single scroll-stopped beam. 4
panelled door to rear right end. Fine staircase with moulded handrail, thick
turned balusters and square newels with ball finials. 3 early door surrounds at
head of stairs, that to left partially cased in, 1 straight-headed without
chamfers, the other with run-out stops, overlight and reset 10 panelled door, the
upper 2 panels truncated. Over the hall and through-passage, the lower end of
which forms a closed truss, is an impressive roof structure with all details
intact. 5 principal trusses with short raised jointed cruck feet resting on a
continuous moulded wall plate, the hollow-chamfers-flanking-axial-roll-and-fillet
moulding running up from the base to the tip of cruck foot from where it continues
around the soffit of the archbracing supporting collars morticed into the soffits
of the principals. 2 tiers of threaded purlins, the upper tier with 4 straight
windbraces meeting and lapjointed at the centre of the purlins between each truss,
the soffits of the windbraces and purlins are chamfered with run out stops. The
single truss over the lower end has heavy principals, threaded purlins and side-
pegged collars.
Interior of Chapel C19 doorcases to each side of lobby entry with old staircase
backing onto the lobby. Ground floor room to right side has brick steps at right
gable end to plank door. Infilled fireplace on rear wall with heavy timber lintel
and stone jambs. Room to left has panelled surround to window seat. Upper storey
divided into 3 rooms with landing, 2 rooms to right side. Virtually continuous
unceiled waggon roof with every fourth rib moulded with carved bosses at the
intersections of single tier of side and ridge purl in runs almost the length of the
building except at right gable end where there are 2 heavy trusses with straight
principals and 2 tiers of threaded purlins, the innermost truss being closed. The
rooms to each side of landing have late C16/early C17 plasterwork, that towards
right gable end has similar devices echoed on each tympanum composed of a moulded
cornice and frieze of interlocking 'S' and foliated scrolls with central heraldic
device above with scrolled surround and roundels above and below flanked by
foliated swags. Room towards left gable end has a plainer plaster cornice on its
inner wall only with similar heraldic device above flanked by larger foliated
devices.
All 4 doorways with timber surrounds to upper storey are late C16 or early C17,
that to inner room towards right gable end has slightly cranked head and chamfered
surround, reached by short corridor which has slightly shouldered and cranked head
to end doorway. Straight-headed door at head of stairs to principal room and
cranked head and chamfered surround to doorway to room at left end which also has
original ledged 2 plank door.


Listing NGR: SS5941132528

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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