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Pennellick Farmhouse

A Grade II* Listed Building in Pelynt, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3531 / 50°21'11"N

Longitude: -4.5258 / 4°31'32"W

OS Eastings: 220415

OS Northings: 53409

OS Grid: SX204534

Mapcode National: GBR NC.W19J

Mapcode Global: FRA 18D3.JN4

Entry Name: Pennellick Farmhouse

Listing Date: 26 March 1986

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1140728

English Heritage Legacy ID: 61620

Location: Pelynt, Cornwall, PL13

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Pelynt

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Pelynt

Church of England Diocese: Truro

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Pelynt

Listing Text

PELYNT
SX 25 SW
4/153 Pennellick Farmhouse
-
II*
House. Late C14 or early C15, remodelled part demolished and extended C17, modified
and extended C19 and C20. Stone rubble front with slate-hung rear and rendered
extensions. Front range has slate roof gable ended to left and hipped to right. 2-
storey entrance porch with gabled slate roof. Rear wing and small C20 extension to
left have asbestos slate roofs, the wing gabled and the extension hipped. Stone
front lateral (hall) stack with tapering top just right of porch truncated projecting
stone gable stack to right end and a C20 rendered stack at left end gable. Rear wing
has rendered squat C17 stack with tapered and extended top on ridge (C17 gable end)
and C19 brick stack at far end gable. Extent of late C14 or early C15 plan
uncertain, but evidence of 3-bay open hall entered at existing porch position implies
3 (or more) rooms and cross passage plan with lower end (demolished) to left and inner
room or parlour to right or on site of existing rear wing. However, an alternative
would be an inner room originally divided from the hall only by a low partition. A
short stub of wall projecting from gable may possibly indicate further accommodation
here at some period. Considerable alteration took place during the C17 when the hall
was floored, hall stack and porch built. It could be that the C17 rear wing was
added to accommodate kitchen after losing the service end from the original building.
Further adaptations were made in the second half of the C19 including partitions,
closing of the porch to form a dairy and extension of the rear wing. In the C20 a
small addition was made at the left-hand end.
2-storey range. Gabled porch projecting from far left end has entrance under
chamfered timber lintel with run-out stops now blocked with 2-light casement window
all under continuous slate string course. Above this a 2-light C19 casement of 8
panes per light under chamfered timber lintel with wider slate drip over.
Immmediately to the right in the angle with the porch, a projecting lateral hall
stack which reduces with a drip course near eaves level. A small oven projection is
built against right side of stack and beyond this again is ground floor window under
chamfered timber lintel with run-out stops and C19 4-pane sash window. Above this a
slightly offset C19 4-pane sash window. Rear elevation of this range has an
irregular disposition; on ground floor left a large 3-light timber casement and on
right a similar 2-light casement. On the first floor a small C19 2-light casement of
6 panes per light and to right a larger C19 2-light casement of 8 panes per light.
The front of the rear wing has a 3-light timber casement window and a C19 4-pane sash
to the ground floor with a small 2-light timber casement between them above for the
C17 portion.
Interior Porch now dairy, but inner chamfered and shouldered timber doorframe
survives with head removed. Hall ceiling cross beams with chamfers and run-out stops
and circa late C19 joists. Fireplace probably exists behind C19/C20 surround.
Original hall plan now divided to form room beyond with timber partition and
plastered ceiling, possibly in C18 or C19 (but see above reference to possible early
low partition here). Fireplace probably concealed by C19/C20 surround with C18
alcove cupboard suggesting parlour use at that date. A C16/C17 3-centred arched
chamfered timber doorframe under chamfered lintel leads into the back wing. Thick
gable chimney breast indicates C17 kitchen fireplace behind C19/C20 surround
plastered ceiling.
Roofs: the front range is covered by an exceptional and early roof of 3 bays, all
smoke-blackened. Embedded in the present low end gable wall is a portion of
blackened collar (with partially concealed indications of jointing) surviving from
the low end closed truss. 2 open trusses are preserved beneath a late C19 roof.
They have thick raised arch braced cruck principals and slowly cranked collars fixed at each joint
by a single large peg. The principals reduce above the collar to open mortices
intended to carry upper lengths of slighter scantling (now missing). Collars and
principals form seatings for large clasped square-set purlins now missing. This
connection was strengthened by short queen struts jointed into one face of the
collars and of this arrangement only the dovetailed lap mortice remains. There is
no indication of whether the slighter upper principals supported any form of ridge.
All the common rafters have gone but mortices for a single rank of windbraces can be
seen.
A fine pegged roof of 4 clean trusses survives over the C17 wing. The principal
rafters have curved feet and are chamfered. Apices with halving joints and diagonal-
set ridge. Cambered collars with halved and lapped joints. Purlins slightly
trenched. Porch roof of similar date.
The roof at Pennellick is one of the earliest in Cornwall and its quality indicates
that this was an important house at the turn of the C14.


Listing NGR: SX2041553409

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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