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Trewinnard Manor Farmhouse, Including Garden Walls and Gate Piers Adjoining to North

A Grade II* Listed Building in St. Erth, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.1553 / 50°9'18"N

Longitude: -5.4367 / 5°26'12"W

OS Eastings: 154612

OS Northings: 34010

OS Grid: SW546340

Mapcode National: GBR DXY8.JH6

Mapcode Global: VH12T.QC6B

Entry Name: Trewinnard Manor Farmhouse, Including Garden Walls and Gate Piers Adjoining to North

Listing Date: 14 January 1988

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1143620

English Heritage Legacy ID: 70348

Location: St. Erth, Cornwall, TR27

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Erth

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Erth

Church of England Diocese: Truro

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Saint Erth

Listing Text

ST ERTH TREWINNARD LANE
SW 53 SW
6/258 Trewinnard Manor Farmhouse,
- including garden walls and gate
piers adjoining to north
II*

Manor house, including garden walls and gate piers adjoining to north. Circa early
C18, possibly incorporating remains of older house. Granite rubble with granite
dressings. Steep hipped grouted scantle slate roofs with brick chimneys over the
cross walls between the reception rooms and over the right-hand end. Some cast-iron
ogee gutters.
Plan: L-shaped plan plus projection to rear reception room carried on squat piers
stones. The main range is double depth and 3 rooms long with parlour, left; hall,
middle; and kitchen on lower ground, right. Behind the parlour is a back parlour
with projecting window bay; stair hall behind hall and back kitchen or dairy behind
kitchen. Built forward on the left is a 2-storey-over-basement cross wing containing
a large parlour and another stair hall behind.
Exterior: 2-storeys plus attic lit by 2 hipped dormers at rear. 2:2:2: bay south
east front plus end of cross wing built forward on the left. Flat arches over
openings. There is a room behind each pair of bays. Central entrance bays have
principal doorway under the right-hand window. Right-hand bays fronting the kitchen,
have windows at a lower level. The return wall of the wing forms another bay with
ground floor entrance. Original doors, doorcases and windows. Main doorway has pair
of glazed doors with arch-headed glazing and round panes in the 2 spandrels. Over
the doorway is a shell hood carried on consoles. Other doorway has doorcase with
panelled pilasters and pediment with later fire insurance plaque. Door has 9 panes
above lock rail and a 6-pane overlight. The 18-pane windows to this front and most
of the other windows to the house are original C18 hornless sashes with wide glazing
bars with internal ovolo mouldings. Left-hand front has 12-pane sashes and 2 light
chamfered granite mullions to the basement as plinth. (There is another similar
mullioned window at the rear under the stair window). First floor windows are C18 6-
pane casements. Rear has C18 2-panel door and original sashes except for horned
replacement right of the doorway. Projecting window bay on the right is carried on
squat piers (like a granary) and has a modillioned eaves cornice. C18 sash to the
middle and another in the left-hand side wall. Set into the right-hand wall of the
house on the first floor there is a remarkable oriel window with moulded granite base
(presumably C17 but resited). The window itself is later replacement. Towards the
rear from this window is a joint indicating that either the rear rooms were added at
some time circa early C18 or that this end of the house is retained from the older
house.
Interior: Unaltered C18 interior in all parts of the house inspected. The C18
features include chimney-pieces, wooden panelling, ceiling cornices ; doors and
doorcases in the 4 reception rooms and stair halls and 2 stairs with turned
balusters. The main stair is an open well and has moulded closed string and
bolection mouldings to the panelling under. The wall panelling in the hall and stair
hall is raised and fielded. The kitchen is also unspoiled and largely unaltered
since the C18.
First floor rooms and roof structure not inspected but presumably also original
(C18).
Low C18 rubble walls adjoin north corner of house, with hog's-back granite coping and
tall square on-plan granite monolithic gate piers with moulded caps. The walls are
quadrant on plan beyond the gateway and linked to a taller terrace wall at right-
angles which has small gateway with similar piers and granite steps down to the lower
level from the front garden of the house. The low walls are surmounted by old wooden
railings with turned finials. The pair of gates are ramped up at the sides to pairs
of hanging stiles. Turned finials.
In the C17 Trewinnard was the home of the Trewinnard family; in the C18, C19 and
early C20, of the Hawkins family. The early C18 Trewinnard coach survives in Truro
Museum.
Trewinnard is one of the most complete houses of circa the early C18 in this part of
Cornwall and retains a wealth of original features. The C18 sash windows that
survive are particularly rare and important. Compare Tredrea q.v., and Gear and
Kerrow Farmhouse, also in St Erth parish.


Listing NGR: SW5461234010

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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