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Latitude: 50.3721 / 50°22'19"N
Longitude: -4.546 / 4°32'45"W
OS Eastings: 219049
OS Northings: 55570
OS Grid: SX190555
Mapcode National: GBR NB.TVH3
Mapcode Global: FRA 18C1.W7J
Entry Name: Trenake Farmhouse
Listing Date: 26 March 1986
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1161601
English Heritage Legacy ID: 61630
Location: Pelynt, Cornwall, PL13
Civil Parish: Pelynt
Traditional County: Cornwall
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall
Church of England Parish: Pelynt
Church of England Diocese: Truro
SX 15 NE
1/163 Trenake Farmhouse
Manor house. Now farmhouse divided into 2 dwellings. Circa early to mid C17 with
possibly mid C17 rear wing at higher end. Possibly late C17 or early C18 rear wing
at lower end, extensively remodelled in early C19 and in 1960s. House remodelled in
circa early C19 with further rear wing and outshut added in circa mid C19. Early to
mid C17 range possibly built by Thomas Achym. Stone rubble, slate-hung above ground
floor on front elevation. Partly slate-hung in gable end of rear wing. Asbestos
slate roof to front slope and scantle slate roof to rear. Main range with hipped
ends and double gable of 2 projecting wings to rear of lower end and gabled end to
projecting wing to rear of inner room at higher end. Catslide roof over service
rooms to rear of main range between 2 gabled rear projections. Brick chimney shaft
to fireplace at lower end. Hall heated by rear lateral stone rubble chimney stack
incorporated in later outshut. Inner room unheated. Side lateral projecting stone
rubble chimney stack of earlier rear wing at higher end. Projecting stone rubble
chimney stack to gable end of circa C17 rear wing projecting from lower end. Brick
chimney stack to rear of circa mid C19 wing to rear of through passage.
Early C17 range comprising 3 room and wide through passage plan. Lower end heated by
end chimney stack, hall heated by rear lateral stack and inner room unheated. Wing
to rear of unheated inner room reputed to be the remains of an earlier house however,
later remodelling reveals little evidence of this. Heated by lateral chimney stack.
Rear wing added at lower end to form overall 'U' shape courtyard plan. In circa
early C19 outshut containing service rooms added to rear of hall, incorporating rear
lateral chimney stack. In circa mid C19 projecting wing added to rear of through
passage. Through passage possibly widened then and C19 stair inserted.
2 storeys, regular 4-window front to C17 range. Ground floor with circa early C20 2-
light and 3-light cross windows with glazing bars. C19 Gabled stone rubble porch to
right of centre with slate roof and shouldered arched opening. Plank door within
with chamfered lintel with run-out stops. 3-light window to right. First floor with
four 16-pane sashes with horns.
Interior Widened through passage to form stair hall with C19 stair to rear. C20
chimney pieces in lower end and hall. C19 brick arch to fireplace in gabled end of
rear wing at lower end. Large clay-lined cloam oven with door. Complete C17 roof
structure with 8 clean trusses to main range. Principals morticed at apex with
curved feet resting on wallplate. Cambered chamfered collars with dovetailed notched
lapped joint. Some original purlins, slightly trenched. At higher end, nails on
underside of collars with some trenched holes possibly for barrel vaulted ceiling.
Earlier gabled rear wing at higher end with steeply pitched principals dying into the
top courses of the wall well below ceiling level. Comprising 2 trusses with
principals morticed at apex. Collars cambered, partly halved and lapped, nailed
rather than pegged into principals. Possibly slightly smoke-blackened. However, the
trusses have been cut about and may have been reused. Rear wing at lower end with
steeply pitched principals dying into side of wall. However, many of the rafters
have been replaced and access for full inspection was impossible. Owners state that
this wing comprised a kitchen of 1 storey and that the first floor was inserted in
the 1960s to accommodate the bathroom above.
The Achym family acquired Trenake, which they called a manor, in circa late C16. In
circa 1625 Thomas Achym moved from Hall to Trenake which could possibly correspond
with the erection of the early C17 range. However, shortly after, Thomas Achym was
forced by financial pressures to sell Trenake to the Trelawners who allowed the
Achyms to live on there as tenants.
Grigson, G Freedom of the Parish 1954 rp 1982.
Listing NGR: SX1904955570
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