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Latitude: 51.6752 / 51°40'30"N
Longitude: -1.2244 / 1°13'27"W
OS Eastings: 453724
OS Northings: 197669
OS Grid: SU537976
Mapcode National: GBR 8ZY.WTC
Mapcode Global: VHCY7.Q5K3
Entry Name: Carfax Conduit
Listing Date: 18 July 1963
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1193569
English Heritage Legacy ID: 248332
Location: Nuneham Courtenay, South Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire, OX44
District: South Oxfordshire
Civil Parish: Nuneham Courtenay
Traditional County: Oxfordshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire
Church of England Parish: Marsh Baldon with Toot Baldon and Nuneham Courtenay
Church of England Diocese: Oxford
NUNEHAM COURTENAY NUNEHAM PARK
4/95 Carfax Conduit
Conduit, now eyecatcher. 1617 by John Clarke, mason, for Otho Nicholson; 1686
lower part rebuilt, probably by Thomas Wood, mason; 1789 removed to Nuneham Park
bv the 2nd Earl Harcourt. Limestone ashlar. Square plan. Each face of the lower
stage has a recessed panel, flanking pilasters, and an entablature with a
triglyph frieze incorporating the arms of Oxford and the University. The
ornamental pierced balustrade includes the letters ONON on each face and has a
cresting of standing figures, obelisks and cartouches with heraldic beasts at
the angles. From within the parapet 4 ornamental flying buttresses support an
octagonal superstructure containing 8 niches with standing figures between
mermaid caryatids. The openwork done, covered with fish-scales, has a border of
8 figures and a finial comprising 2 figures back to back. The decoration forms a
complicated allegory with many allusions to the original function of the
conduit. Tablets on 2 sides of the lower structure commemorate, in English and
Latin, the setting up of the conduit in the park. A focal point of the important
landscape by Lancelot Brown.
(Nuneham Park is included in the HBMC County Register of Gardens at Grade I ;
V.C.H.: Oxfordshire, Vo1.V, p.234; Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, p.728; C,
Cole, "Carfax Conduit", Oxoniensia, Vols. 29 and 30, 1964/5, pp.142-l66)
Listing NGR: SU5372497669
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