History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

City Museum, Former Church of St Nicholas

A Grade II* Listed Building in Bristol, Bristol

More Photos »
Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.454 / 51°27'14"N

Longitude: -2.5922 / 2°35'32"W

OS Eastings: 358945

OS Northings: 172940

OS Grid: ST589729

Mapcode National: GBR C8K.PN

Mapcode Global: VH88N.0QY8

Entry Name: City Museum, Former Church of St Nicholas

Listing Date: 8 January 1959

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1202553

English Heritage Legacy ID: 380490

Location: Bristol, BS1

County: Bristol

Electoral Ward/Division: Central

Built-Up Area: Bristol

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bristol

Church of England Parish: Bristol St Stephen with St James and St John the Baptist with St Michael and St George

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

Find accommodation in
Bristol

Listing Text


BRISTOL

ST5872NE ST NICHOLAS STREET, Centre
901-1/16/662 (South side)
08/01/59 City Museum, former Church of St
Nicholas

GV II*

Church, now a museum. Mid C14, completely rebuilt above the
crypt 1769, by James Bridges, steeple and interior by Thomas
Paty. Bath stone ashlar and Pennant rubble.
PLAN: nave and W tower. Georgian Gothic Revival style.
EXTERIOR: windowless E end projecting to the centre,
articulated by slight diagonally-set buttresses; below a
moulded string are C14 rubble crypt walls with quatrefoil
openings. 7-bay N elevation, a re-set C15 three-light mullion
window in the E bay and an inserted C20 door to the W of that;
tall 5-light Perpendicular windows separated by buttresses up
to a blind arcaded parapet.
The crypt wall is exposed on the S side through the falling
ground, and has a gabled porch in the second bay from the W;
parapeted vestry in the SW corner has a 4-light S window.
2-stage tower: the N door has an ogee hood, with C20 glazing
and small entrance lobby; above is an 8-foil oculus; the
belfry has paired windows with ogee hoods, the bottom half
blind, the top louvred, and clasping pilaster buttresses,
panelled in 2 halves with trefoil heads to the belfry, a coved
cornice and open arcaded parapet, with pinnacles with ogee
gablets; on the S face is a clock. Octagonal 3-stage spire
with oculi around the middle stage.
INTERIOR: largely rebuilt after Second World War bombing. The
fine mid C14 crypt is 4 bays with tierceron vaulting and good
animate and foliate bosses, on triple attached shafts to the
aisles with foliate capitals, and continuous moulding to the
arcade; at the E end is an arched panel with good figure stops
and a hexafoil panel.
FITTINGS: C18 baluster-shaped font; brass eagle lectern c1480.
Memorials: C16 wall memorial with a panelled base, flanking
buttresses with pinnacles, an arch over with panelled soffit
and an effigy on one elbow.
HISTORICAL NOTE: The mid C14 church was demolished in 1762;
Bridges' design, building off the old crypt, was an early and
remarkably well-studied attempt at Gothic revival, and the
windows have similarities with those of St Peter's, Peter
Street (qv). The interior had a very fine Rococo plaster
ceiling by Thomas Stocking (Ison).
(Gomme A, Jenner M and Little B: Bristol, An Architectural
History: Bristol: 1979-: 171; Ison W: The Georgian Buildings
of Bristol: Bath: 1952-: 65; The Buildings of England: Pevsner
N: North Somerset and Bristol: London: 1958-: 404).


Listing NGR: ST5894572940

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.